High blood pressure more in men and higher diabetes rate in women, Nigerian study

The study demonstrated lower prevalence of obesity and hypertension when compared with earlier results from the southern part of Nigeria, but showed an increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, more in women than men.
A prospective cross-sectional study determines the prevalence of some risk factors of coronary heart disease (CHD) in a rural Nigerian population around Maiduguri in the north eastern part of Nigeria. Five hundred randomly selected subjects, consisting of 278 males and 222 females.
Anthropometric parameters such as weight, height, body mass index and blood pressure were measured. Also fasting blood concentration of glucose, total cholesterol (Tc) and high density cholesterol (HDL-c) were measured.
Various parameters were compared between males and females with the following results:
• Prevalence of hypercholesterolaemia was zero because no subjects had values greater than 5.2 mmol/1.
• Prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 2.6% and being higher among females.
• Mean fasting blood glucose was significantly higher in females (6.2 mmol/1) than males (4.2 mmol/1).
• Overall prevalence of obesity was 2%, with 1.2% in males and 3.2% in females.
• High blood pressure was observed in 15.2% of the subjects, with it being more among males (19.1%) than females (10.3%).
Okesina AB, Oparinde DP, Akindoyin KA, Erasmus RT. East Africa Medical Journal. 1999 Apr;76(4):212-6.
Department of Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Transkei, Umtata, South Africa.

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