nigella sativa or fennel flower or Roman Coriander

nigella_sativa_or black cumin seed

Black cumin or nigella sativa plant grows in south Asia between 20 to 30 cm. It is rich in Thymoquinone, a phytochemical compound with anti-oxidant and anti-pancreatic cancer properties and proven effective against heart, liver and kidney damage in animal studies. If you live in the USA, black cumin seed oil can reduce Potassium Bromate (used as flour improver) induced oxidative stress (damaging effects).

The following chart reflects the composition of Black Seed Oil in terms of its active, nutrient components, and any other significant ingredients.
Essential Oil Composition (1.4%) Black Seed Oil
Carvone 21.1%
Alfa-Pinene 7.4%
Sabinene 5.5%
Beta-Pinene 7.7%
P-cymene 46.8%
Others 11.5%
Fatty Acids Black Seed Oil.
Myristic Acid (C14:0) 0.5%
Palmitic Acid (C16:0) 13.7%
Palmitoleic Acid (C16:1) 0.1%
Stearic Acid (C18:0) 2.6%
Oleic Acid (C18:1) 23.7%
Linoleic Acid (C18:2)(Omega-6) 57.9%
Linolenic Acid (18:3n-3) (Omega-3) 0.2%
Arachidic Acid (C20:0) 1.3%
Saturated & Unsaturated Fatty Acids Black Seed Oil
Saturated Acid 18.1%
Monounsaturated Acids 23.8%
Polyunsaturated Acids 58.1%
Nutritional Value Black Seed Oil
Protein 208 ug/g
Thiamin 15ug/g
Riboflavin 1 ug/g
Pyridoxine 5ug/g
Niacin 57 ug/g
Folacin 610 IU/g
Calcium 1.859 mg/g
Iron 105 ug/g
Copper 18 ug/g
Zinc 60 ug/g
Phosphorus 5.265 mg/g
Nutritional Composition Black Cumin Seed
protein 21%
carbohydrates 35%
fats 35-38%
Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) Seed is rich in nutritional values.
Monosaccharides (single molecule sugars) in the form of glucose, rhamnose, xylose, and arabinose are found in the black seed.
The Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) Seed contains a non-starch polysaccharide component which is a useful source of dietary fiber.
It is rich in fatty acids, particularly the unsaturated and essential fatty acids (Linoleic and Linolenic acid). The EFAs, consisting of alpha-Linolenic acid (omega-3) and Linoleic acid (omega-6), are substances that cannot be manufactured in the body, and thus must be taken in as supplements or through high-EFA foods in order to sustain health.
Fifteen amino acids make up the protein content of the Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) Seed, including eight of the nine essential amino acids. Essential amino acids cannot be synthesized within our body in sufficient quantities and are thus required from our diet.
Black seed contains Arginine which is essential for infant growth.
Chemical analysis has further revealed that the Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) Seed contains carotene, which is converted by the liver into vitamin A.
The Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) (black cumin, Roman coriander, back carawy, nutmeg flower) Seed is also a source of calcium, iron, sodium, and potassium. Required only in small amounts by the body, these elements’ main function is to act as essential cofactors in various enzyme functions.

Other oil/food with ALA Alternate name Linnaean name % ALA† ref.
chia sage Salvia hispanica 64% [9]

Kiwifruit seeds
Chinese gooseberry Actinidia chinensis 62% [9]

shiso Perilla frutescens 58% [9]

linseed Linum usatissimum 55% [9]

cowberry Vaccinium vitis-idaea 49% [9]

camelina Camelina sativa 35-45%
portulaca Portulaca oleracea 35% [9]

Sea buckthorn
seaberry Hippophae rhamnoides L. 32% [10]

cannabis Cannabis sativa 20% [9]

canola Brassica napus 10% [2]

soya Glycine max 8% [2]

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