Tarlov&St. Peter defined the determinants of population health as genes and biology,
health behaviors, medical care, social/societal characteristics, and total ecology . They
define social/structural determinants of population health as including poverty and income inequality, education, employment, housing, mobility, transportation, pollution, and nutrition.


Connie’s comments:

Health consumers must be proactive about their health and health care.  Health educational materials abound in the internet.  Spend 30-min a day exercising with sun exposure and eating whole foods are the two important preventive ways to achieve a healthy body.

Our genes can only affect our cells 10-20% of the time while our environment/lifestyle or life choices can have a greater impact in the rest of our cells.

Instead of spending money on botox or other chemicals to change the way we look, we can embrace our bodies and follow a holistic approach to wellness with de-stressing massage, dietary supplements, quality sleep, and avoidance of smoking, alcohol, sugar, drugs or toxic medications, toxins such as plastics and processed foods or other environmental and endocrine disrupting substances (hormone free eggs/milk/meat).

Health consumers can use the internet and other health monitoring (for disease prediction) devices such as Worldgn HELO ( $320)  which can be ordered by joining here:


Burden of Cancer

Taking a global perspective, the number of cancer deaths is expected to grow from 12 million new cases and 7 million deaths from cancer in 2008 to a projected 26 million new
cases and 11.4 million deaths in 2030 (55).  The leading causes of cancer mortality in the
world are lung (1.4 million deaths per year),  stomach (866,000), colon (677,000), and breast (548,000). Approximately 72% of cancer deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries in 2007, where the leading causes of cancer mortality are lung, stomach, liver, colon and rectum, and cervix. Increasing cancer death rates can be attributed, in part, to the aging population and also to the epidemic of tobacco use in the developing world (81), with additional increases in female cancers due to changing reproductive


EMF or dirty electricity

17 Solutions for Limiting Your Exposure to Dirty Electricity & EMFs at Home

The good news is, you don’t have to sit silently and allow your body to be slowly damaged by an uninvited, invisible invader. Let’s look at some of the solutions.

Steps you can take to protect your home from harmful electric fields:

  1. Get rid of electric blankets, water bed, and electric heating pads which are all conductors of electricity.
  2. Purchase shielded, grounded extension cords and power cords to be used in your home.
  3. Alter your bedroom circuit breaker to exclude necessities (i.e. smoke detector, alarm, fridge) and then switch off your circuit breaker at night for a restful sleep.
  4. Hire a professional EMF consultant to give you tailor-made recommendations to make your bedroom and/or home a safer place.

Tips for removing magnetic fields from your home include:

  1. Start by getting a read on the levels of magnetic field in your home by using an EMF meter with Gauss meter mode such as the Cornet ED88T EMF meter.
  2. Use battery-powered alarm clocks instead of ones you plug into an outlet.
  3. Leave at least eight inches of space between your bed and your wall because wiring (even in walls) can still emit a significant magnetic field that you don’t want to be sleeping in.
  4. If your bedroom is located right next to the utility pole, position your bed as such so that it is a good six feet away from this strong magnetic field source.
  5. The refrigerator and home entertainment center are often the biggest producers of magnetic fields in your home. If your bedroom is situated right next to the kitchen or the home theatre set, be sure to place your bed on the opposite side of the room so you can establish a safe distance.

When it comes to radio frequency radiation, here are some helpful steps you can take:

  1. Turn off your cell phone and keep it out of your room at night. When you’re not using your cell phone, put it on airplane mode, so it is not in communication with cell towers.
  2. Forget about using Bluetooth headsets no matter how convenient you think they are. A simple set of earphones will do the trick. Or better yet, use speaker mode and keep your phone as far away from your body as practical.
  3. Don’t use your cell phone when you’re in a car or in public transportation. The radio frequency radiation bounces around and can continuously bombard you with harmful radiation.
  4. If you’re using a laptop at home, avoid
using Wi-Fi and opt for hard-wired Ethernet connections instead. It’s also best to avoid using a cordless phone as it is also a wireless device. Opt to have conversations on a landline instead of putting your cell phone up to your head for long periods of time.
  5. To go a step further you can purchase a radio frequency meter. This will give you readings as to the exposure levels in your home and enable you to pinpoint EMF hotspots.
  6. To ensure that your house remains a clean electricity zone, start by reducing or eliminating the use of problem appliances such as dimmer switches, wireless products, printers, scanners, computers, television sets, and energy-saving devices.
  7. Also, it’s a good option to replace all compact fluorescent light bulbs (“curly wurly” form) with incandescent lights (preferably full spectrum) as these are the healthiest light bulbs to have in your home.