COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
- a GBD disability classes III and above.
- b High-income countries are those with 2004 gross national income per capita of $10 066 or more, as estimated by the World Bank.
- c Disease and injury causes of disability. Conditions are listed in descending order by global all-age prevalence.
- d Includes adult-onset hearing loss, excluding that due to infectious causes; adjusted for availability of hearing aids.
- e Includes presenting refractive errors; adjusted for availability of glasses and other devices for correction.
- f Includes other age-related causes of vision loss apart from glaucoma, cataracts and refractive errors.
Ninety per cent of the burden of non-fatal health outcomes is in low- and middle-income countries Perhaps surprisingly, around 90% of global non-fatal health outcomes (as measured by YLD) occur in low- and middle-income countries, and nearly half (44%) of all YLD fall in low-income countries.
Although the prevalence of disabling conditions such as dementia and musculoskeletal disease are higher in countries with long life expectancies, this is offset by lower contributions to disability from conditions such as cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory diseases and long-term sequelae of communicable diseases and nutritional deficiencies
Connie’s comments: Air and water pollution can greatly impact population health of developing or poor countries.
Heart disease and other major diseases are two-fold increase in developing countries when compared to rich industrialized countries.
Governments must help protect the health of its population with clean and sustainable environment.
There must be safe and healthy working conditions for all to save the health of the global population.