Medical LifeScience News

Four main genes linked to survival of pancreatic cancer patients

Alterations in four main genes are responsible for how long patients survive with pancreatic cancer, according to a new study in JAMA Oncology.

Vitamin D supplementation may enhance recovery from burn injuriesVitamin D supplementation may enhance recovery from burn injuries

Patients with severe burns who have higher levels of vitamin D recover more successfully than those with lower levels, according to a study presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Harrogate.

Study findings highlight importance of screening PCOS patients for mental health disordersStudy findings highlight importance of screening PCOS patients for mental health disorders

Women with PCOS are more likely to suffer from mental health disorders and should be routinely screened for these during medical assessments, according to a study presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Harrogate.

New discovery in beta-cell pathway shows potential to improve effectiveness of diabetes drugsNew discovery in beta-cell pathway shows potential to improve effectiveness of diabetes drugs

Over the past 15 years, University of Alabama at Birmingham endocrinologist Anath Shalev, M.D., has unraveled a crucial biological pathway that malfunctions in diabetes.

Adipocytes may reduce effectiveness of chemotherapeutic drug

Adipocytes may reduce effectiveness of chemotherapeutic drugAdipocytes, or fat cells, can absorb and metabolize the chemotherapeutic agent daunorubicin, reducing the effectiveness of the drug and potentially contributing to poorer treatment outcomes.

Smoking and Effects on the Stomach

Smoking and Effects on the StomachSmoking may affect the entire body, increasing the chances of developing several life-threatening ailments such as heart disease, emphysema, and lung cancer. Smoking leads to numerous diseases and several types of cancers of the digestive system, such as stomach cancer, bowel cancer and colon polyps. The diseases caused as a result of smoking leads to the deaths of about 400,000 Americans annually.

Outlook for Carcinoids

Outlook for CarcinoidsLarge-scale research demonstrates that very small carcinoids exist in 1 out of 100 individuals throughout their lifespan, without causing any complications. They constitute only 1% of all the GI tract cancers, whilst malignant carcinoids make up approximately 50% of all cancers of the small intestine.

Researchers discover how traffic jam in intracellular sorting can cause tumor development

Researchers discover how traffic jam in intracellular sorting can cause tumor developmentFor tissues to cooperate and perform normal functions, cells need to know which way is up. When cells lose track of their orientation, they can start to grow out of control, and develop into cancer.

Women with history of infertility have increased risk of death, study shows

Women with history of infertility have increased risk of death, study showsWomen with a history of infertility have a 10 percent increased risk of death compared to those without reported infertility struggles, according to results of a new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

An alternative approach to augmenting the effect of antibiotics in chronic CF lung infections

An alternative approach to augmenting the effect of antibiotics in chronic CF lung infectionsThere are about 77,000 people known to have cystic fibrosis. That’s from the various cystic fibrosis registries available globally. The World Health Organization suggests that this number may be low, because there’s no reporting on cystic fibrosis from the developing world. The accepted number, at the moment, is about 80,000. That’s the one that is used for most of the work that’s being done on cystic fibrosis.

Diabetes awareness month: Mount Sinai experts share tips for disease prevention

Diabetes awareness month: Mount Sinai experts share tips for disease preventionDiabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Today, 29.1 million people in the United States have been diagnosed with diabetes, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

New research disproves using anti-malaria drug for diabetes treatment

New research disproves using anti-malaria drug for diabetes treatmentA drug used to treat malaria does not, after all, create new insulin-producing cells, according to a new paper from researchers at the University of California, Davis. The work, published in Cell Metabolism Nov. 2, refutes a study published in Cell in January.

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