Eat in moderation whole foods and fiber-rich foods and avoid the foods listed below to prevent diabetes and lower your triglycerides.

  • Sugar-Sweetened beverages/sodas
  • White Bread, Pasta and Rice
  • Fruit-Flavored Yogurt
  • Sweetened Breakfast Cereals
  • Flavored Coffee Drinks
  • Honey, Agave Nectar and Maple Syrup
  • Dried Fruit
  • Burned BBQ meat
  • Trans fats:
    • Crackers, cookies, cakes, frozen pies, and other baked goods.
    • Snack foods (such as microwave popcorn)
    • Frozen pizza.
    • Fast-food.
    • Vegetable shortenings and some stick margarines.
    • Coffee creamer.
    • Refrigerated dough products (such as biscuits and cinnamon rolls)
  • Processed foods rich in nitrites and also left over foods

Eating left overs and processed foods with nitrites can increase triglycerides.


A Swedish study found that children with type 1 diabetes had eaten more food containing nitrosamines, nitrite, and nitrate than those without diabetes (Dahlquist et al. 1990). A large study in Finland found that children with type 1 diabetes and their mothers ate more nitrite than children (and their mothers) who did not have diabetes. There was no difference for nitrate/nitrite in drinking water (Virtanen et al. 1994).

Links Between Nitrate/Nitrite and Diabetes/Obesity

A few dozen peer-reviewed studies published in scientific journals have examined the relationship between nitrate and/or nitrite and diabetes or obesity, beginning with a study on type 1 diabetes from Iceland in 1981. Those studies conclude that, “These findings suggest that an environmental factor in the etiology [causation] of human diabetes mellitus has been identified” (>Helgason et al. 1982). That environmental factor is Icelandic smoked mutton, which is high in nitrite. While this smoked mutton is not likely to be an important factor outside of Iceland, other sources of nitrate/nitrite may be.