Why we get fat and hungry

What if what is advised to us to lose weight didn’t work?

It is biology that will make us understand our body. What is surprising that low carb or reducing carbohydrates is a common practice for weight loss. In 1797, a Scottish military surgeon John Rollo successfully treated diabetes patient with low carbohydrate diet. They recommended to avoid carbohydrate and eat meat instead in order to cure obesity.  1977 was when created a diet plan to cut fat and replace it into heart healthy food such as bread and pasta. It said that it’s not total calories that makes you gain weight, it’s hormones.

One particular hormones, also known as fat storage hormone. When there’s insulin, there’s fat. How does insulin works in your body? Blood glucose or blood carbs arises when you eat carbohydrates, particularly low in fiber. This thing causes insulin release, so insulin can carry the glucose into the cells that has insulin receptor. Which then allows the cell to break in the glucose and produce energy in the form of phosphate.

However, this process can only process in a certain rate. In the form of glycogen you can store 200g in the muscle, and 70g in the liver. Where those are filled up, insulin receptors decrease on those cells, so glucose can’t go in. But the glucose needs to go somewhere. Because if it sits in the bloodstream, it will bind the protein in damaging process called glycation.

Glycation is a process where sugar in the bloodstream mucks onto proteins, creating something called advanced glycation end products or AGE’s for short.

Banana for example, as it gets more ripe, you see some brown spots on the peel and if you peel the banana you can see some dark spots which are particularly sweet. The same thing happens to your skin over time: proteins in your bloodstream get sugar stuck on them and the resulting AGE’s damage your skin internally, creating age spots. You can also see these spots from external damage from the sun.

Glucose processing: your muscles and liver have stored as much glucose as they can, and your body really does not want glucose overloading the cells, so it decreases the insulin receptors on most cells preventing the glucose from getting in. Then, glucose is broken down and stored as triglycerides in the only place where insulin receptors are actually increasing-your body fat.

So this is how carbohydrates and the insulin response cause you to get fat. To use the energy within our fat issues, fatty acids are taken out of the tissue to be broken down for energy. Which obviously would make you shed fat. But when you have a high serum insulin level from eating too much carbohydrate, you cannot break down your fat tissue because the enzyme that allows that – hormone sensitive lipase, is sensitive to insulin, which will not allow the fat to be broken down.

So you then have this situation where insulin won’t let you use your fat for energy, so when you’re low on energy, you’re going to feel very lethargic and hungry until you get new glucose. This is how high blood sugar and insulin keeps you fat and keeps you hungry.

People don’t get fat because they want to eat all the time, they want to eat all the time because they’re getting fat.

So then, are people staying fat because they don’t exercise, or do they not exercise because they don’t have energy available to do so?

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