2020 Tax Brackets and Rates

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In the United States we have what is known as a progressive tax system. This means that we pay a higher percentage in taxes as our income goes up. What people may not necessarily realize is that we actually pay taxes at each one of these tax brackets along the way.

There are 12 states with zero or less income taxes such as Nevada.

Capital Gains

Long-term capital gains are taxed using different brackets and rates than ordinary income.

 For Unmarried IndividualsFor Married Individuals Filing Joint ReturnsFor Heads of Households
 Taxable Income Over
0%$0$0$0
15%$40,000$80,000$53,600
20%$441,450$496,600$469,050
 Additional Net Investment Income Tax
3.8%MAGI above $200,000MAGI above $250,000MAGI above $200,000
Source: “2020 Tax Brackets,” Tax Foundation and IRS Topic Number 559

Qualified Business Income Deduction (Sec. 199A)

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act includes a 20 percent deduction for pass-through businesses against up to $163,300 of qualified business income for single taxpayers and $326,600 for married taxpayers filing jointly (Table 7).

Filing StatusThreshold
Single Individuals$163,300
Married Filing Jointly$326,600
Source: Internal Revenue Service

Annual Exclusion for Gifts

In 2020, the first $15,000 of gifts to any person is excluded from tax. The exclusion is increased to $157,000 for gifts to spouses who are not citizens of the United States.