Acidic carbonated soda, bone loss and early menopause, magnesium deficiency

Carbonated beverages can cause osteoporosis. … However, it should be noted that according to the Framingham Osteoporosis Study, colas, but no other carbonated beverages, were associated with significantly lower bone mass density in the hips of older women.

Phosphoric acid in soda can also impair your body’s ability to use other minerals, such as iron, zinc, and magnesiumPhosphoric acid is dangerous if you come into contact with it as a chemical substance. The toxic fumes can irritate your skin, eyes, and respiratory system.

Carbonated water gets its fizz from carbon dioxide. A chemical reaction in your mouth turns the CO2 into carbonic acid, not only giving the drink a tangy, zesty, refreshing bite, but also making it more acidic.

Most soft drinks contain caffeine, which is a nervous system stimulant that causes stress on the adrenal glands and the body, contributing to nervous stomach, anxiety, depression, high blood pressure and increased mineral loss from the body.

Even though Mg ( magnesium ) is by far the least abundant serum electrolyte, it is extremely important for the metabolism of Ca, K, P, Zn, Cu, Fe, Na, Pb, Cd, HCl, acetylcholine, and nitric oxide (NO), for many enzymes, for the intracellular homeostasis and for activation of thiamine and therefore, for a very wide gamut of crucial body functions.

Mg absorption and elimination depend on a very large number of variables, at least one of which often goes awry, leading to a Mg deficiency that can present with many signs and symptoms. Mg absorption requires plenty of Mg in the diet, Se, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and vitamins B6 and D. Furthermore, it is hindered by excess fat. On the other hand, Mg levels are decreased by excess ethanol, salt, phosphoric acid (sodas) and coffee intake, by profuse sweating, by intense, prolonged stress, by excessive menstruation and vaginal flux, by diuretics and other drugs and by certain parasites (pinworms). The very small probability that all the variables affecting Mg levels will behave favorably, results in a high probability of a gradually intensifying Mg deficiency. It is highly regrettable that the deficiency of such an inexpensive, low-toxicity nutrient result in diseases that cause incalculable suffering and expense throughout the world. The range of pathologies associated with Mg deficiency is staggering: hypertension (cardiovascular disease, kidney and liver damage, etc.), peroxynitrite damage (migraine, multiple sclerosis, glaucoma, Alzheimer’s disease, etc.), recurrent bacterial infection due to low levels of nitric oxide in the cavities (sinuses, vagina, middle ear, lungs, throat, etc.), fungal infections due to a depressed immune system, thiamine deactivation (low gastric acid, behavioral disorders, etc.), premenstrual syndrome, Ca deficiency (osteoporosis, hypertension, mood swings, etc.), tooth cavities, hearing loss, diabetes type II, cramps, muscle weakness, impotence (lack of NO), aggression (lack of NO), fibromas, K deficiency (arrhythmia, hypertension, some forms of cancer), Fe accumulation, etc. Finally, because there are so many variables involved in the Mg metabolism, evaluating the effect of Mg in many diseases has frustrated many researchers who have simply tried supplementation with Mg, without undertaking the task of ensuring its absorption and preventing excessive elimination, rendering the study of Mg deficiency much more difficult than for most other nutr

Soda and Diabetes

When I was 18 years old in the Philippines, I saw the effects of soda among our relatives who died of diabetes and heart attack. So I promised myself not to drink soda. I am coaching my BFF in the Philippines online in repairing the damage done by soda in her body. I started with the following ingredients: sunlight, sleep (adequate which she has), sweet potatoes with skin, plantain banana not over ripe, jackfruit, ginger, garlic, lemon or Kalamansi, onions, lemon grass or tanglad, turmeric, oregano leaf tea, coconut water, aloe vera juice, fish soup with veggies dish, pickled greens of papaya and carrots, and massage oil.

I am focusing on microbes, inflammation, infection and immune system.

I hope to travel in person soon to use my hands and essential oils.



Why Candida – yeast infection Sufferers Must Avoid Fast Food

Soda and Heart Attack

Story at-a-glance

  • Giving up soda — both sugar-sweetened and diet — is one of the most fundamental steps you can take to improve your health. You likely have made that choice long ago, but it is one that is important to many that you know
  • Research suggests sugary beverages are to blame for about 183,000 deaths worldwide each year, including 133,000 diabetes deaths, 44,000 heart disease deaths and 6,000 cancer deaths
  • Men who drank an average of one can of soda per day had a 20 percent higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed soda

By Dr. Mercola

One of the most straightforward steps you can take to improve your health in the New Year is to give up soda, and with that I’m talking about both regular and diet varieties. The problem with soda stems from its high sugar content — particularly the liquid high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) variety — and, in the case of diet, its artificial sweetener content, among other issues.

Research suggests sugary beverages are to blame for about 183,000 deaths worldwide each year, including 133,000 diabetes deaths, 44,000 heart disease deaths and 6,000 cancer deaths.1 Even drinking one or more 250 ml (about 8 ounce) servings of soda per day raises your risk of Type 2 diabetes by 18 percent.2 Soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a leading source of added sugar in the U.S. diet, with 6 in 10 youth and 5 in 10 adults drinking at least one such beverage on any given day.3

Even the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states, “Frequently drinking sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with weight gain/obesity, Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, kidney diseases, nonalcoholic liver disease, tooth decay and cavities, and gout, a type of arthritis.”4

However, the CDC only suggests that “limiting the amount of SSB intake can help individuals maintain a healthy weight and have a healthy diet,” stopping far short of advising Americans to ditch these unhealthy drinks to avoid chronic disease.

This isn’t entirely surprising, considering CDC director Dr. Brenda Fitzgerald received $1 million in funding from Coca-Cola5 to combat childhood obesity during her six-year stint as commissioner of Georgia’s public health department and has a history of promoting the soda industry’s “alternative facts.” Her Coke-funded anti-obesity campaign focused on exercise. None of the recommendations involved cutting down on soda and junk food, yet research shows exercise cannot counteract the ill effects of a high-sugar (i.e., high soda) diet.

Health Risks of Drinking Soda

Downing cans of sugary soda isn’t only a matter of consuming “empty” calories that may lead to weight gain, as some public health organizations would have you believe. You can’t simply undo the effects of soda consumption by cutting back on calories elsewhere in your diet, as the sugar itself wreaks havoc on your body and your gut flora.

Researchers have known since the 1960s that your body metabolizes different types of carbohydrates, like glucose and fructose, in different ways, causing very different hormonal and physiological responses that absolutely may influence fat accumulation and metabolism.6

One 12-ounce can of regular soda has about 33 grams of sugar (8 1/4 teaspoons) and 36 grams of net carbohydrates, which is more than your body can safely handle, especially at one sitting.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that sugar should make up less than 10 percent of your total daily energy intake, with additional benefits to be had if you reduce it to below 5 percent (which amounts to about 25 grams, or 6 teaspoons of sugar a day).7 For optimal health, I recommend limiting your intake of net carbs to under 40 to 50 grams per day, which is virtually impossible to do if you drink soda.

Gary Taubes, co-founder of the Nutrition Science Initiative and the author of “The Case Against Sugar,” expertly documents sugar’s link to chronic disease and much more, including whether sugar should more aptly be described as a drug instead of a food. It doesn’t cause the immediate symptoms of intoxication, like dizziness, staggering, slurring of speech or euphoria, associated with other “drugs,” yet perhaps this only allowed its long-term medical consequences to go “unasked and unanswered.”

Most of us today will never know if we suffer even subtle withdrawal symptoms from sugar, because we’ll never go long enough without it to find out,” Taubes wrote, adding that sugar has likely killed more people than tobacco and that tobacco wouldn’t have killed as many people as it did without sugar.8 Harvard School of Public Health further compiled a list of additional studies demonstrating the link between soda and chronic disease:9

  • Men who drank an average of one can of soda per day had a 20 percent higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed soda10
  • Women who consumed a can of soda daily over a 22-year study had a 75 percent higher risk of gout than women who rarely consumed soda11
  • Reducing soda consumption can reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases like Type 2 diabetes12

Why Diet Soda Is Not a ‘Healthier’ Alternative

The idea that diet soda is a healthier option than regular soda is one of the biggest prevailing myths in the nutrition realm today. If you’re one of the nearly half of U.S. adults who consume artificial sweeteners, mostly in the form of diet soda, daily (even one-quarter of kids do so as well),13 it’s important you’re let in on the truth: Drinking diet soda puts your health at risk of the following conditions:

Stroke and Dementia

Drinking one artificially sweetened beverage a day may increase your risk of stroke and dementia by threefold compared to drinking less than one a week.14 Even drinking one to six artificially sweetened beverages a week was linked to 2.6 greater risk of stroke compared to not drinking any. A 2012 study similarly found that people who drank diet soft drinks daily were 43 percent more likely to have suffered a vascular event, including a stroke.15

This significant association persisted even after controlling for other factors that could increase the risk, such as smoking, physical activity levels, alcohol consumption, diabetes, heart disease, dietary factors and more. As for the dementia link, this one is new and no one knows for sure how diet drinks may affect your brain.

Forbes compiled some plausible theories, however, including perhaps via the disruption artificial sweeteners pose to your gut health, via the corresponding gut-brain axis. Alternatively:16

“Diet sodas are designed to trick the brain into thinking it’s getting an extra dose of glucose (the brain’s fuel), but eventually the trick is on us because the brain adapts to not receiving the added glucose by overcompensating in other ways (leading to a variety of effects still under investigation).”

Heart Attack

Research that included nearly 60,000 postmenopausal women who were followed for about 10 years found that drinking just two diet drinks a day can dramatically increase your risk of an early death from heart disease.17

Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes

People with Type 2 diabetes are often advised to consume artificial sweeteners in lieu of sugar, but research shows consumption of diet soda at least daily is associated with a 36 percent greater relative risk of metabolic syndrome and a 67 percent greater relative risk of Type 2 diabetes compared with not consuming any.18


According to a study that included nearly 264,000 U.S. adults over the age of 50, those who drank more than four cans or glasses of diet soda or other artificially sweetened beverages daily had a nearly 30 percent higher risk of depression compared to those who did not consume diet drinks.19

Weight Gain

In April 2017, research presented at ENDO 2017, the Endocrine Society’s 99th annual meeting in Orlando, Florida, once again found that artificial sweeteners promote metabolic dysfunction that may promote the accumulation of fat.20 A study on mice also revealed that animals fed aspartame-laced drinking water gained weight and developed symptoms of metabolic syndrome while mice not fed the artificial sweetener did not.

Further, the researchers revealed that phenylalanine, an aspartame breakdown product, blocks the activity of a gut enzyme called alkaline phosphatase (IAP). In a previous study, IAP was found to prevent the development of metabolic syndrome (and reduce symptoms in those with the condition) when fed to mice.21 Aspartame likely promotes obesity by interfering with IAP activity.

Industry Ties Perpetuate the Flawed ‘Energy Balance’ Theory

Despite soda’s strong links to disease, public health officials have been slow to place blame on the industry and instead continue to perpetuate the “energy balance theory,” which suggests weight gain is simply a matter of consuming more calories than you burn off, and increasing exercise is therefore the solution to lowering rates of obesity (in lieu of eliminating soda).

The soda industry has been instrumental in shifting the blame away from soda and toward virtually any other scapegoat. In 2015, for instance, Coca-Cola Co. was outed for secretly funding and supporting the now defunct Global Energy Balance Network, a nonprofit front group that promoted exercise as the solution to obesity while significantly downplaying the role of diet and sugary beverages in the weight loss equation.22

Public health authorities accused the group of using tobacco-industry tactics to raise doubts about the health hazards of soda, and a letter signed by more than three dozen scientists said the group was spreading “scientific nonsense.”23 Yet, the soda industry maintains many close ties with organizations that continue to promote the energy balance myth (and directly funds such organizations).24 Among them:

  • The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND), which was funded by Coca-Cola until 2015. They also founded a program called “Energy Balance 4 Kids With Play” in partnership with the Healthy Weight Commitment Foundation (HWCF), “an industry organization representing Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, Nestle, General Mills and other distributers of sugar-sweetened products.”25
  • The International Food Information Council Foundation, which is funded by Coca-Cola and PepsiCo, promotes the idea that “when it comes to weight management or weight loss, it’s the total calories that matters most.”
  • The National Institutes of Health “We Can!” Campaign. Coca-Cola has donated millions to the NIH Foundation, and the campaign advises drinking soda only “once in a while” and suggests balancing out days when kids eat lots of high-sugar foods/drinks with more physical activity.
  • The American College of Sports Medicine, which is also funded by Coca-Cola, suggests that while water should be your first choice of beverage, “there is no harm in drinking juice or even soda in moderation.”
  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which also receives funding from Coca-Cola via the CDC Foundation, also promotes “energy balance” and the idea that “Healthy eating is all about balance. You can enjoy your favorite foods even if they are high in calories, fat or added sugars. The key is eating them only once in a while … ”26

Try Hibiscus Tea Instead

If the idea of swapping your daily soda with water sounds less than enticing, consider swapping it with tea instead. This gives you the best of both worlds: flavor and a healthy boost to your diet, as high-quality tea can have quite a few health benefits. Hibiscus tea is one such option. It has a pleasingly sharp flavor, similar to the tartness of cranberry, and you can find it in liquid extract form that allows you to add a few pumps to your glass of water.

Unlike soda that will overload you with sugar and/or artificial sweeteners, hibiscus tea is high in vitamin C, minerals and antioxidants, and studies suggest it may improve blood pressure, help prevent metabolic syndrome, protect your liver and even provide anticancer effects.27 It’s the opposite of drinking soda in terms of what it does to your health! It’s not only hibiscus tea that offers benefits, of course. If you prefer green or white tea, these are healthy choices as well.

Studies show green tea consumption improves brain function, as well as staves off cognitive disorders such as Alzheimer’s, helps prevent dental cavities, fights inflammatory disease such as arthritis and even combats several cancers, much like hibiscus tea. The idea is that by making this one healthy switch — swapping your daily soda for a daily cup of tea instead — you can significantly lower your risk of chronic disease and obesity.

In addition, if a soda craving strikes, fit in a quick workout, drink a cup of organic black coffee or consume something sour (like fermented vegetables or lemon water). All can help you to kick your sugar cravings to the curb. The Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) is another great option, which has been shown to significantly reduce cravings while increasing peoples’ ability to show restraint — even after six months.28 A video demonstration is below, but here is the basic approach, which you can start using right now:

  • Identify a food or beverage you crave by visualizing it or imagining you’re eating/drinking it
  • Tap on your activated thoughts (for example, “I want this,” “I have to have it”)
  • Tap on each of the specific sensations or thoughts you have about the food (sweetness, saltiness, creaminess, crunchiness, how it feels in your mouth, how it smells)
  • Scan your body for any tension, and tap on that too

Aluminum , vaccines, Alzheimer’s and detox ways

See a doctor , chiropractor, acupuncturists, herbalist, health coach and other CAM health care pros to detox your body from metal toxins. Over time, the accumulation of aluminum in soda and vaccines can be toxic to our brain causing Alzheimer and Parkinson’s diseases.

Today we know these claims to be true, especially when acidic foods, such as tomatoes and okra, are cooked in aluminum cookware. Use of steel utensils onaluminum cookware can cause additional toxicity by scraping aluminum into food. Beer and soft drink cans are made exclusively from aluminum.

Modern cans are generally produced through a mechanical cold forming process that starts with punching a flat blank from very stiff cold-rolled sheet. This sheet is typically alloy 3104-H19 or 3004-H19, which is aluminium with about 1% manganese and 1% magnesium to give it strength and formability.

Today we know these claims to be true, especially when acidic foods, such as tomatoes and okra, are cooked in aluminum cookware. Use of steel utensils on aluminum cookware can cause additionaltoxicity by scraping aluminum into food. Beer and soft drink cans are made exclusively from aluminum.

Aluminium content of soft drinks from aluminium cans. – NCBI

by M Seruga – ‎1994 – ‎Cited by 37 – ‎Related articles

The aluminium (Al) content of soft drinks from Al cans has been measured during … should not be a cause for concern in regard to Al toxicity for the human body.

News headlines: Beer and coke cans are killers – Help Free The Earth

Those aluminum coke and pepsi and beer cans leech aluminum into your drinks. … It’s dangerous andtoxic to the body…so why aren’t the regulators warning us …

Are Diet Coke Aluminum Cans Safe? | LIVESTRONG.COM › Food and Drink

People around the world have consumed countless beverages from the convenient aluminum can, but from time to time, concerns are raised about the safety of.

Are Aluminum Cans Bad For You? – Here Is Your Answer.

Sep 19, 2016 – One concern with aluminum cans is that they might leach aluminum into their contents. Too much aluminum can cause aluminum toxicity, which …

Can Aluminum Poisoning be a Reality?

The pop manufacturers have the cans coated to prevent the leeching of aluminum into the cans, but …Pop is not the only source of potential aluminum toxicity.

Is the Can Worse Than the Soda? Study Finds Correlation Between …

Sep 18, 2012 – BPA, a chemical used in aluminum soda cans and other food packaging, was found to be associated with childhood obesity in a new study.

Why drinking from a can may be dangerous – USA Today

Dec 14, 2014 – Cans and plastic bottles are lined with a controversial chemical called BPA. … AP SODATAX FIGHT A USA CA. In this June 30, 2014 photo …

The Real Facts About Alzheimers and Aluminum – from EHSO

Question: I have heard that aluminum may be involved in the development of … Aluminum beveragecans are usually coated with a polymer to minimize such …

[PDF]Hazards of Aluminum Packaging – DigitalCommons@CalPoly

by A Habian – ‎2011 – ‎Related articles

Aluminum cans such as soda cans, can be found in almost …. Besides Alzheimer’s, toxic levels ofaluminum has also been associated with Parkinson’s disease …

Aluminum Toxicity: 4 Ways to Detox Your Brain & Body

Aluminum toxicity is linked to Alzheimer’s and other serious diseases including cancer. Here are four steps you can take to protect your health.

4 Ways to Detoxify Aluminum From Your Life – Global Healing Center

Aug 28, 2014 – Ways To Detoxify Aluminum From Your Life. Purchase Whole Foods. Aluminum cans and processed food packaging — yes, even the paper looking stuff — usually contains aluminum. ChooseAluminum-Free Deodorant. The most common exposure point for most people is deodorant. Avoid Antacids. Detoxify Your Body.

Your Brain May Be Full of Toxic Aluminum. Here are 3 Ways to Detox It …

Aluminum is in many things we use every day. It’s in our antiperspirant, beauty products, the air we breathe, and even our food. (source) Aluminum is considered …

10 Ways to Detox from Vaccines – The Drs. Wolfson

Feb 21, 2017 – If I say aluminum causes dementia, it stands to reason that getting that … Before we get to 10 Ways to Detox Vaccines, let’s start with rule #1: …

How to detox aluminum and why it’s necessary –

Jan 10, 2012 – How to detox aluminum and why it’s necessary. … sure people is sick is Big Pharma’s wayof making sure the money flows their direction.

How to Detox Aluminum From the Body | Healthfully

Squeezing half of a fresh lemon in a cup of warm water twice a day is one of the best ways to help your body detoxify from metals such as aluminum. The citric …

Heavy Metal Toxicity and Detoxification Protocol – Eidon Ionic Minerals

Heavy metal detoxification can be quite difficult to accomplish. … Heavy metals such as mercury, lead, cadmium, and aluminum, are in our food, water, … They were right about that in an abstract way because the mercury that is affecting your …

4 Detox Foods for Liver Health and to Prevent Aluminum Toxicity :The …

Using aluminum foil is an inexpensive and convenient way to warm up your food. However, as many of us know by now, wrapping your food in aluminum will …

How to Do an Aluminum Detox – YouTube

Mar 24, 2011 – Uploaded by HerbalixPro

Herbalix Detox Cleansing Deodorant™. … im so interested int he 30 ways thealuminium has effected us …

Heavy Metal Detox –

Try this Heavy Metal Detox for healing. … considered “heavy metals” such as lead, mercury, aluminumand arsenic can cause acute or chronic toxicity. … Chelation therapy is the most effective way to reduce serious heavy metal exposure.

Vaccine Ingredients – Aluminum | Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

Sep 27, 2016 – Aluminum is used in vaccines as an adjuvant. Aluminum adjuvants are used invaccines such as hepatitis A, hepatitis B, …

[PDF]Aluminum in Vaccines – Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

of aluminum. Almost all of that accumulated aluminum comes from food. Q A Aluminum in Vaccines: What you should know. VACCINE EDUCATION CENTER.

Adjuvants | Vaccine Safety | CDC › Vaccine Safety › Common Concerns

Sep 12, 2016 – Aluminum gels or aluminum salts are vaccine ingredients that have been used invaccines since the 1930s. Small amounts of aluminum are …

The Case Against Aluminum in Vaccines – Dr Mercola articles

Mar 31, 2015 – According to some experts, including Dr. Humphries, aluminum in vaccines may pose very significant health risks.

Aluminum | Immunize for Good

You may have heard fellow parents warn about aluminum in childhood vaccines. Dr. Sears’s book TheVaccine Book has exacerbated this fear by creating an …

Study Reports Aluminum in Vaccines Poses Extremely Low Risk … – FDA

Feb 6, 2015 – The risk to infants posed by the total aluminum exposure received from the entire recommended series of childhood vaccines over the first year …

Aluminum in Vaccines: History and Toxicity – Health Freedom Idaho

Jun 23, 2017 – Aluminum in Vaccines: History and Toxicity. Here is the Toxicological Profile on Aluminum, prepared by the Agency for Toxic Substances and …

Aluminum vaccine adjuvants: are they safe? – NCBI

by L Tomljenovic – ‎2011 – ‎Cited by 131 – ‎Related articles

There is also a concerning scarcity of data on toxicology and pharmacokinetics of these compounds. In spite of this, the notion that aluminum in vaccines is safe …

Dangers of Aluminum in Vaccines

Jan 23, 2017 – The aluminum in vaccines is dangerous. It causes brain damage. And its nanoparticulate form makes it especially harmful.

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Gender bias in treating or preventing blood clots in women

Animation of the formation of an occlusive thrombus in a vein. A few platelets attach themselves to the valve lips, constricting the opening and causing more platelets and red blood cells to aggregate and coagulate. Coagulation of unmoving blood on both sides of the blockage may propagate a clot in both directions.

A thrombus occurs when the hemostatic process, which normally occurs in response to injury, becomes activated in an uninjured or slightly injured vessel. A thrombus in a large blood vessel will decrease blood flow through that vessel (termed a mural thrombus). In a small blood vessel, blood flow may be completely cut off (termed an occlusive thrombus), resulting in death of tissue supplied by that vessel. If a thrombus dislodges and becomes free-floating, it is considered an embolus.

Some of the conditions which elevate risk of blood clots developing include atrial fibrillation (a form of cardiac arrhythmia), heart valve replacement, a recent heart attack (also known as a myocardial infarction), extended periods of inactivity (see deep venous thrombosis), and genetic or disease-related deficiencies in the blood’s clotting abilities.


Platelet activation can occur through different mechanisms such as a vessel wall breach that exposes collagen, or tissue factor encryption.[clarification needed] The platelet activation causes a cascade of further platelet activation, eventually causing the formation of the thrombus.[2]This process is regulated through thromboregulation.

Prevention and treatment

Blood clot prevention and treatment reduces the risk of stroke, heart attack and pulmonary embolism. Heparin and warfarin are often used to inhibit the formation and growth of existing thrombi; the former binds to and activates the enzyme inhibitor antithrombin III, while the latter inhibits vitamin K epoxide reductase, an enzyme needed to synthesize mature clotting factors.

Some treatments have been derived from bacteria. One drug is streptokinase, which is an enzyme secreted by several streptococcal bacteria. This drug is administered intravenously and can be used to dissolve blood clots in coronary vessels. However, streptokinase is nonspecific and can digest almost any protein, which can lead to many secondary problems. Another clot-dissolving enzyme that works faster and is more specific is called tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). This drug is made by transgenic bacteria and it converts plasminogen into the clot-dissolving enzyme plasmin.[3] There are also some anticoagulants that come from animals that work by dissolving fibrin. For example, Haementeria ghilianii, an Amazon leech, produces an enzyme called hementin from its salivary glands.[4] As of 2012, this enzyme has now been successfully produced by genetically engineered bacteria and administered to cardiac patients.


Thrombus formation can have one of four outcomes: propagation, embolization, dissolution, and organization and recanalization.[5]

  1. Propagation of a thrombus occurs towards the direction of the heart. This means that it is anterograde in veins or retrograde in arteries.
  2. Embolization occurs when the thrombus breaks free from the vascular wall and becomes mobile. A venous embolus (mostly from deep vein thrombosis in the lower limbs) will travel through the systemic circulation, reach the right side of the heart, and travel through the pulmonary artery resulting in a pulmonary embolism. Arterial thrombosis resulting from hypertension or atherosclerosis can become mobile and the resulting emboli can occlude any artery or arteriole downstream of the thrombus formation. This means that cerebral stroke, myocardial infarction, or any other organ can be affected.
  3. Dissolution occurs when the fibrinolytic mechanisms break up the thrombus and blood flow is restored to the vessel. This may be aided by drugs (for example after occlusion of a coronary artery). The best response to fibrinolytic drugs is within a couple of hours, before the fibrin meshwork of the thrombus has been fully developed.
  4. Organization and recanalization involves the ingrowth of smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts and endothelium into the fibrin-rich thrombus. If recanalization proceeds it provides capillary-sized channels through the thrombus for continuity of blood flow through the entire thrombus but may not restore sufficient blood flow for the metabolic needs of the downstream tissue.[citation needed]

Stroke in women

A number of factors are likely behind the surprising rise in strokes in women, including:

  • Increasing rates of obesity (women’s waists have grown by nearly two inches in the last 10 years)
  • Vitamin D3 deficiency due to lack of sun exposure. Sun avoidance also increases your risk of vitamin D sulfate deficiency, which may be an underlying cause of arterial plaque buildup (a risk factor for stroke)
  • Rising prevalence of high blood sugar levels
  • eating unprocessed, preferably organic, foods, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight will help to reduce your risk of stroke. Two additional risk factors that can have a direct impact on your stroke risk are:
    • Psychological distress. According to a 2008 study published in the journal Neurology, the more stressed you are, the greater your risk. The researchers actually found that for every notch lower a person scored on their well-being scale, their risk of stroke increased by 11 percent. Not surprisingly, the relationship between psychological distress and stroke was most pronounced when the stroke was fatal.
    • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and birth control pills. If you’re on one of the hormonal birth control methods (whether it’s the pill, patch, vaginal ring or implant), it is important to understand that you are taking synthetic progesterone and synthetic estrogen — something that is clearly not advantageous if you want to maintain optimal health. These contraceptives contain the same synthetic hormones as those used in hormone replacement therapy (HRT), which has well-documented risks, including an increased risk of blood clots, stroke, heart attack, and breast cancer.

Diet Soda May Dramatically Increase Your Stroke Risk

Earlier this year, research presented at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference showed that people who drink just one diet soda a day may increase their risk of stroke by 48 percent!

According to the authors:

“This study suggests that diet soda is not an optimal substitute for sugar-sweetened beverages, and may be associated with a greater risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, or vascular death than regular soda.”

While more research will likely be needed to confirm this potential link, there’s plenty of evidence showing that artificial sweeteners such as aspartame and sucralose (Splenda) can be dangerous to your health. I believe aspartame is, by far, the most dangerous artificial sweetener on the market. Reports of adverse reactions to the US FDA also support this, as aspartame accounts for over 75 percent of the adverse reactions to food additives reported to the FDA.


An embolism is the lodging of an embolus, a blockage-causing piece of material, inside a blood vessel.[1] The embolus may be a blood clot (thrombus), a fat globule, a bubble of air or other gas (gas embolism), or foreign material. An embolism can cause partial or total blockage of blood flow in the affected vessel.[2] Such a blockage (a vascular occlusion) may affect a part of the body distant from where the embolus originated. An embolism in which the embolus is a piece of thrombus is called a thromboembolism. Thrombosis, the process of thrombus formation, often leads to thromboembolism.

An embolism is usually a pathologic event (that is, part of illness or injury). Sometimes it is created intentionally for a therapeutic reason, such as to stop bleeding or to kill a cancerous tumor by stopping its blood supply. Such therapy is called embolization.

Gender bias in treating or preventing blood clots in women

In health care, gender disparities are especially pernicious. If you are a woman, studies have shown, you are not only less likely to receive blood clot prophylaxis, but you may also receive less intensive treatment for a heart attack. If you are a woman older than 50 who is critically ill, you are at particular risk of failing to receive lifesaving interventions. If you have knee pain, you are less likely to be referred for a knee replacement than a man, and if you have heart failure, it may take longer to get EKGs.

When Dr. Elliott Haut and his team at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore designed their blood clot prevention protocol back in 2006, they didn’t expect to discover systemic gender bias. But the data were clear and the implications were alarming: Women who were trauma patients at Johns Hopkins Hospital were in considerably greater danger of dying of preventable blood clots than men.

Why? Because doctors were less likely to provide them with the appropriate blood clot prevention treatment. At Hopkins, as at many hospitals, both men and women were receiving treatment at less than perfect rates, but while 31 percent of male trauma patients were failing to get proper clot prevention, for women, the rate was 45 percent. That means women were nearly 50 percent more likely to miss out on blood clot prevention.

Blood clots, gelatinous tangles that can travel through the body and block blood flow, kill more people every year than breast cancer, AIDS and car crashes combined. But many of these clots can be avoided — if doctors prescribe the right preventive measures.

Such implicit bias, as researchers now understand, happens when we unintentionally use stereotypes or associations to make judgments. “Perhaps we take women’s symptoms less seriously, or we interpret them as having an emotional cause as opposed to a physical cause,” said Dr. Christine Kolehmainen, the associate director for women’s health at the Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital in Madison, Wis. Studies bear this out: in one study of patients with irritable bowel syndrome, doctors were more likely to suggest that male patients receive X-rays and more likely to offer female patients tranquilizers and lifestyle advice.

In the case of blood clot prevention, doctors’ assumptions about women’s risk factors could lead to disparities in treatment. “There might be stereotypes about women’s biology or environment or occupation that could all play into medical decision-making,” Kolehmainen said.

Whether unintentional, unconscious or simply based on erroneous assumptions, treatment differentials clearly exist. Interventions like the Hopkins checklist can help correct them.

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