Poor bowel control, dementia, low potassium levels and the brain

What to do with lose bowel with someone who has dementia and diabetes?  Low potassium levels can cause diarrhea. Email motherhealth@gmail.com if you have an answer as one of our clients have this case.

I remembered caring for a male client with pancreatic cancer and on dextrose (salt, sugar, water) in the hospital 3 days before he died. His liquid poop is similar to that of a newborn , towards the end it is so dark in color.

While some are constipated , our brain controls our movement and during the last stage of a our disease, we have poor bowel function.

What will the effect be when using activated charcoal and or potassium and magnesium rich diet of veggies in this scenario?

Some have good appetite while others cannot swallow. A client becomes eligible for hospice care when he/she cannot swallow.

Some clients in care homes are still able to swallow but immobile during the last stage of their Alzheimer that their family then decides to expire them with sublingual morphine.

Many times, even with sublingual morphine it takes more than a week for some. We trained our caregivers to be at their side, massaging them or just praying with them.

Remember that during the last stage of our lives, the last sense to go is the sense of hearing.

Connie

Is something in your diet causing diarrhea? – Harvard Health

Jul 12, 2016 – Diarrhea may be caused by a number of factors. When it comes to diet, foods that are sugary, fatty, spicy, or fried can cause loose stools or make them worse.…

Diet for Eldery Patients With Diarrhea | LIVESTRONG.COM

https://www.livestrong.com › Diseases and Conditions

Aug 14, 2017 – American adults experience on average one episode of acute diarrhea every year, according to The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. Diarrhea, described as loose, watery stools, is a common health complaint that affects people of all ages, including seniors. Some seniors may …

Could mom’s diarrhea be caused by her dementia? – AgingCare.com

Dec 3, 2012 – My mother-in-law had the same problem for quite a while. This was when she was still getting around on her own. It took a couple of months to figure it out. She had a stash of Ducolax laxatives tucked away in a kitchen cabinet. The diarrhea cleared right up after that discovery! You just never know what …

Missing: potassium

Factors associated with irritable bowel syndrome symptoms in …

by B Fiderkiewicz – ‎2011 – ‎Cited by 14 – ‎Related articles

Apr 21, 2011 – AIM: To investigate clinical characteristics associated with the presence of irritable bowelsyndrome (IBS) symptoms in hemodialysis (HD) patients. …. Symptoms of IBS were more frequent in patients with a post-hemodialysis potassium level ≤ 3.5 mEq/L than in subjects with potassium > 3.5 mEq/L. Also …

Low Potassium: Hypokalemia Symptoms, Causes, Levels & Treatment

Learn about low potassium (hypokalemia) causes like vomiting, diarrhea, medications, laxatives, diuretics, renal disease and more. Symptoms, diagnosis, diet, levels, side effects, and treatment information is provided.

Dementia and Bladder and Bowel Control · Continence Foundation of …

People with dementia have memory loss. They may be confused and not know where they are. This confusion can cause bladder and bowel control problems or make the problems worse. People withdementia may have trouble with: knowing they need to pass urine or empty their bowels; holding on until they get to the …

Missing: potassium

Alzheimer’s Disease And Incontinence – Bladder & Bowel Community

https://www.bladderandbowel.org › Associated Illness

Alzheimer’s Disease is the most common form of dementia, which is caused by a physical disease of the brain. It is a progressive illness, which causes loss of memory, judgment and language. Between 60 – 70% of those with Alzheimer’s will go on to suffer from incontinence issues. Incontinence should not be considered …

Missing: potassium

How Do You Know that a Person is the Last Stages of Alzheimer’s?

https://www.caring.com › … › End-Stage Dementia & Alzheimer’s

Oct 27, 2017 – When a person with dementia reaches the advanced or end stage of Alzheimer’s disease, he or she usually displays the following physical and cognitive signs:

Eldercare At Home: Diarrhea > Resources > Health in Aging

Understanding the Problem Diarrhea is the passing of three or more loose or watery stools per day, or a definite decrease in consistency and increase in frequency of bowel movements based upon what is usual for the individual. (Simply put, diarrhea is when a person goes to the bathroom more often.

[PDF]Wrestling With Dementia anD Death – Dementia Australia

Wrestling. With Dementia. anD Death a rePOrt FOr alzheimer’s australia. PaPer 34 june, 2013. By PrOFessOr jenny aBBey …. They also often supply outreach palliative care services. Incontinence. Incontinence is the loss of control of bladder and/or bowel function. Palliative approach. A focus on comfort and care of an …

Intestinal disorders , herbs and nutrition

Ulcerative Colitis Diet: Foods, Supplements & Natural Remedies that …

Aug 28, 2015 – New research continues to come out with hope for a more permanent treatment for ulcerative colitis and other inflammatory bowel diseases. A 2017 study found …. Probiotics are bacteria that line your digestive tract and support your body’s ability to absorb nutrients and fight infection. Probiotics crowd out …

Large intestine solutions through foods, herbs and nutritional …

The Doctors Book of Herbal Home Remedies – Cure Yourself With Nature’s Most Powerful Healing Agents, by the Editors of Prevention Health Books; The Food Bible, by Judith Wills; Breast Cancer, Breast Health! The Wise Woman Way, by Susun S. Weed; The Complete Guide to NutritionalSupplements – Everything You …

Eight Key Steps to Heal Crohn’s Disease Using Natural Remedies

Even if you have tried every Crohn’s treatment available without success, don’t give up hope – mynatural remedies for bowel and colon disease have helped tens of thousands of people …. Absorb Plus is a delicious elemental (pre-digested) nutrition and protein shake made of the highest qualitynatural ingredients. Absorb …

The Best Supplements for Digestive Issues – Better Nutrition Magazine …

Jul 17, 2017 – Relieve digestive distress—including heartburn, stomach cramps, and constipation—with the help of a few supplement strategies. … Herbs. Several herbs have a long history of helping with digestive disorders. Slippery elm (Ulmus fulva) contains mucilage, which is believed to coat the esophagus and …

Natural Remedies for Gastrointestinal Problems: Herbal Medicine

Jun 6, 2011 – Consider herbal medicine for gastrointestinal disorders to help naturally andholistically with issues like acid reflux, nausea, digestive problems and more.

8 Best Natural Methods to Treat Digestive Problems

Sep 25, 2016 – Poor nutrition: loads of sugars and simple carbohydrates, consumption of artificial sweeteners, caffeine and alcohol, avoiding dietary fiber and eating too … Herbal infusions have several advantages when it comes to digestive problems: they adsorb gases, reduce stress, help blood flow to the digestive …

Natural treatment options for inflammatory bowel disease

drhoffman.com/article/natural-treatment-options-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease/

Nov 8, 2014 – But supplementation is not just a matter of replacing missing nutrients in IBD; certain vitamins and minerals have therapeutic effects beyond just staving off deficiency. One such nutrient is fish oil, which some studies indicate may suppress intestinal inflammation. High doses are required, up to 9 grams per …

Nutrition Tips for Inflammatory Bowel Disease | Patient Education …

https://www.ucsfhealth.org › Patient Education

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a term used for two specific and separate diseases: Crohn’sdisease and ulcerative colitis. Nutritional recommendations are different for each disease and for each individual patient. It is important to discuss the treatments that are right for you with a registered dietitian and with your …

Nutrition & Homeopathy For Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Vitality …

vitalitymagazine.com/article/nutrition-homeopathy-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease/

Homeopathic remedies are gentle, have no side effects, and do not contra-indicate any medications. These medicines can drain toxins and heal the intestinal tract and supporting organs. Singlehomeopathic remedies are suited to each person’s symptoms rather than a disease name. This stimulates the person’s unique …

Natural Remedies for Tummy Troubles — Research Shows Herbs …

by RDL Blog – ‎Related articles

Natural Remedies for Tummy Troubles — Research Shows Herbs Can Relieve Symptoms in Patients With GI Diseases By Melinda Lund, MS, RD Today’s Dietitian Vol. 15 No. 9 P. 18. All illnesses that affect the gastrointestinal tract (GI) are classified as digestive diseases, including those of the esophagus, stomach, …

Drug-Induced Urinary Incontinence

Pharmacologic agents including oral estrogens,alpha-blockerssedative-hypnotics,antidepressantsantipsychoticsACE inhibitors,loop diureticsnonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and calcium channel blockers have been implicated to some degree in the onset or exacerbation of urinary incontinence.

Drug-Induced Urinary Incontinence

Kiran Panesar, BPharmS (Hons), MRPharmS, RPh, CPh
Consultant Pharmacist and Freelance Medical Writer
Orlando, Florida

US Pharm. 2014;39(8):24-29.

ABSTRACT: Urinary incontinence affects both men and women, and especially the elderly. The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research identified four types of urinary incontinence: stress, urge, mixed, and overflow. Pharmacologic agents including oral estrogens, alpha-blockers, sedative-hypnotics, antidepressants, antipsychotics, ACE inhibitors, loop diuretics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and calcium channel blockers have been implicated to some degree in the onset or exacerbation of urinary incontinence. The pharmacist should consider urinary incontinence–inducing drugs when reviewing patient profiles.

In healthy humans, voiding occurs at intervals several times a day, even though the kidneys produce urine continuously. This means that the bladder must store urine for several hours, a feature that requires the musculature of the bladder-outflow tract to contract to generate resistance. Disturbances of this storage function of the bladder lead to urinary incontinence. A number of factors may be responsible, including disease and adverse effects of medical treatment.1

A number of medications have been proposed as possible causes of drug-induced urinary incontinence, including alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, antidepressants, and drugs used for hormone replacement therapy.1 Since drugs are frequently metabolized and excreted in the urine, the lower urinary tract is particularly vulnerable to adverse effects. Furthermore, carcinogens or inflammatory agents in the urine are in close proximity to the epithelium for prolonged periods when they are stored in the bladder. The drugs may cause stress incontinence, urge incontinence, or overflow incontinence.2

This article discusses the different types of incontinence, their causes, and the possible mechanisms underlying incontinence resulting from medications.

Epidemiology

The prevalence of urinary incontinence increases with age, with an overall prevalence of 38% in women and 17% in men. In women, the prevalence is about 12.5% in those aged 60 to 64 years and rises to about 20.9% in those aged ≥85 years. Furthermore, a higher prevalence has been noted in non-Hispanic white women (41%) compared with non-Hispanic black (20%) and Mexican-American women (36%).3 In a similar study, the prevalence of weekly incontinence was highest among Hispanic women, followed by white, black, and Asian-American women.4

In men, the prevalence increases with age, from 11% in those aged 60 to 64 years to 31% in those aged ≥85 years. The rate of incontinence in black men is similar to that for black women, but in white and Mexican-American men, the rate is 2.5 times lower than in women of the same ethnicity.3

Urinary incontinence may be underreported, owing to the embarrassing nature of the condition.

Types of Incontinence

According to the clinical practice guidelines issued by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (now called Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality), there are four types of incontinence: stress, urge, mixed, and overflow. Other guidelines identify functional incontinence as a fifth type.5-8 TABLE 1 describes the various types of incontinence in more detail, along with the usual approaches used in the management of each.5-10

Mechanisms of Urinary Continence

In healthy individuals, the urinary bladder senses the volume of urine by means of distention. Distention of the bladder excites afferent A-delta fibers (and C fibers, in a pathologic condition) that relay information to the pontine storage center in the brain. The brain, in turn, triggers efferent impulses to enhance urine storage through activation of the sympathetic innervation of the lower urinary tract (hypogastric nerve). These impulses also activate the somatic, pudendal, and sacral nerves.1

The hypogastric nerves release norepinephrine to stimulate beta3-adrenoceptors in the detrusor and alpha1-adrenoceptors in the bladder neck and proximal urethra. The role of beta3-adrenoceptors is to mediate smooth-muscle relaxation and increase bladder compliance, whereas that of alpha1-adrenoceptors is to mediate smooth-muscle contraction and increase bladder outlet resistance.1 The somatic, pudendal, and sacral nerves release acetylcholine to act on nicotinic receptors in the striated muscle in the distal urethra and pelvic floor, which contract to increase bladder outlet resistance.1

Efferent sympathetic outflow and somatic outflow are stopped when afferent signaling to the brain exceeds a certain threshold. At this point, the parasympathetic outflow is activated via pelvic nerves. These nerves release acetylcholine, which then acts on muscarinic receptors in detrusor smooth-muscle cells to cause contraction. A number of transmitters, including dopamine and serotonin, and endorphins are involved in this process.1

Pharmacologic Agents That Cause Urinary Incontinence

A variety of drugs have been implicated in urinary incontinence, and attempts have been made to determine the mechanism responsible based upon current understanding of the processes involved in continence and the transmitters that play a role. Each of the processes described previously can be manipulated by pharmacologic agents to cause one or more types of incontinence.

The drugs commonly pinpointed in urinary incontinence include anticholinergics, alpha-adrenergic agonists, alpha-antagonists, diuretics, calcium channel blockers, sedative-hypnotics, ACE inhibitors, and antiparkinsonian medications. Depending upon the mode of action, the effect may be direct or indirect and can lead to any of the types of incontinence. Taking these factors into account, it is important to consider a patient’s drug therapy as a cause of incontinence, particularly in new-onset incontinence patients and in elderly patients, in whom polypharmacy is common.11,12

On the other hand, a pharmacologic agent or any other factor that results in chronic urinary retention can lead to a rise in intravesical pressure and a resultant trickling loss of urine. In this way, drugs that cause urinary retention can indirectly lead to overflow incontinence.2

Alpha-Adrenergic Antagonists: As described earlier, the stimulation of alpha1-adrenoceptors by norepinephrine leads to increased bladder outlet resistance. It has been shown that alpha1-adrenoceptors influence lower urinary tract function not only through a direct effect on smooth muscle, but also at the level of the spinal cord ganglia and nerve terminals. In this way, they mediate sympathetic, parasympathetic, and somatic outflows to the bladder, bladder neck, prostate, and external urethral sphincter.13 Blocking these receptors with such agents as prazosin, doxazosin, and terazosin would therefore lead to reduced bladder outlet resistance and, accordingly, to incontinence.2 One study found that the use of alpha-blockers increased the risk of urinary incontinence in older African American and white women nearly fivefold.14 Another study showed that almost half of female subjects taking an alpha-blocker reported urinary incontinence.15Phenoxybenzamine, a nonselective, irreversible alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist, has been associated with stress urinary incontinence.1

It is useful to note that many antidepressants and antipsychotics exhibit considerable alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist activity.1

Alpha-Adrenergic Agonists: Alpha-adrenergic agonists such as clonidine and methyldopa mimic the action of norepinephrine at receptors. In this way they may contract the bladder neck, causing urinary retention and thus overflow urinary incontinence.2,16-18

Antipsychotics: A number of antipsychotics have been associated with urinary incontinence, including chlorpromazine, thioridazine, chlorprothixene, thiothixene, trifluoperazine, fluphenazine (including enanthate and decanoate), haloperidol, and pimozide.19-24 Incontinence occurs over a broad range of antipsychotic dosages. Additionally, whereas some patients experience urinary incontinence within hours of initiating antipsychotic therapy, others do not experience incontinence for weeks after initiation. In most cases, the incontinence remits spontaneously upon discontinuation of the antipsychotic. Typical antipsychotics are primarily dopamine antagonists and lead to stress urinary incontinence, whereas atypical antipsychotics are antagonists at serotonin receptors.24 Antipsychotics also cause incontinence by one or more of the following mechanisms: alpha-adrenergic blockade, dopamine blockade, and cholinergic actions on the bladder.25 Owing to these complex drug-receptor interactions, a generalized description of how antipsychotics cause urinary incontinence cannot be given.1

If it is not possible to discontinue the antipsychotic, urinary incontinence caused by antipsychotics can be managed with a variety of pharmacologic agents. Desmopressin is perhaps the most effective, but also the most expensive, therapeutic agent available for this use. Other agents include pseudoephedrine, oxybutynin, benztropine, trihexyphenidyl, and dopamine agonists.25

Antidepressants: There are a number of classes of antidepressants, all with varying pharmacologic properties. This makes it difficult to generalize the underlying mechanisms that lead to urinary incontinence as a result of antidepressant use. However, all antidepressants result in urinary retention and, eventually, in overflow incontinence. Most antidepressants are inhibitors of norepinephrine and/or serotonin uptake. Some also act as antagonists at adrenergic, cholinergic, or histaminergic receptors at therapeutic doses.1

Diuretics: The purpose of a diuretic is to increase the formation of urine by the kidneys. As a result, diuretics increase urinary frequency and may cause urinary urgency and incontinence by overwhelming the patient’s bladder capacity. One study reported a link between diuretics and/or conditions associated with their use and urinary incontinence in community-dwelling women.26 In another study, the use of a loop diuretic with an alpha-blocker almost doubled the risk of urinary incontinence versus alpha-blockers alone, but no increased risk was noted when thiazide diuretics or potassium-sparing diuretics were added to the alpha-blockers.27

Calcium Channel Blockers: Calcium channel blockers decrease smooth-muscle contractility in the bladder. This causes urinary retention and, accordingly, leads to overflow incontinence.10

Sedative-Hypnotics: Sedative-hypnotics result in immobility secondary to sedation that leads to functional incontinence.10 Furthermore, benzodiazepines can cause relaxation of striated muscle because of their effects on gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptors in the central nervous system.1,28

ACE Inhibitors and Angiotensin Receptor Blockers: The renin-angiotensin system exists specifically in the bladder and the urethra. Blocking angiotensin receptors with ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers decreases both detrusor overactivity and urethral sphincter tone, leading to reduced urge incontinence and increased stress urinary incontinence.29 Furthermore, ACE inhibitors can result in a chronic dry cough that can cause stress incontinence. This was demonstrated in a female patient with cystocele who was receiving enalapril. The patient developed a dry cough and stress incontinence, which ceased within 3 weeks of discontinuing the ACE inhibitor.

Estrogens: One study showed that oral and transdermal estrogen, with or without progestin, increased the risk of urinary incontinence by 45% to 60% in community-dwelling elderly women.14 A summary of randomized, controlled trials also showed that the use of oral estrogen increased the risk of urinary incontinence by 50% to 80%.30

Hydroxychloroquine: Hydroxychloroquine has recently been identified as an agent that can induce urinary incontinence. There is currently only one report supporting this finding. In this report, a 71-year-old female patient developed urinary incontinence as an adverse reaction to hydroxychloroquine administered at therapeutic doses to treat rheumatoid arthritis. Urinary incontinence remitted with drug withdrawal and reappeared when the drug was readministered.31

Conclusion

A variety of drugs have been associated with urinary incontinence. This may be due to direct incontinence or overflow incontinence secondary to urinary retention. When reviewing patient profiles, pharmacists should take into consideration the use of oral estrogens, alpha-blockers, sedative-hypnotics, antidepressants, antipsychotics, ACE inhibitors, loop diuretics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and calcium channel blockers that may lead to urinary incontinence. It is important to keep in mind that some incontinence patients taking these medications may be too embarrassed to discuss their condition voluntarily.

Gut Fungus and additives might promote Crohn’s disease

Gut Fungus

The researchers found that the people with Crohn’s disease had significantly higher levels of two types of bacteria, called Escherichia coli and Serratia marcescens, and one fungus, called Candida tropicalis, compared with their healthy relatives and the other people in the study who did not have the disease, according to the study, published Sept. 20 in the journal mBio.

Candida tropicalis is a species of yeast in the genus Candida. It is easily recognized as a common medical yeast pathogen.

Serratia marcescens (/sɛˈreɪʃjə mɑː(r)ˈsɛs.sɛnz/)[2] is a species of rod-shapedGram negative bacterium in the family Enterobacteriaceae. A human pathogen, S. marcescens is involved in hospital-acquired infections (HAIs), particularly catheter-associated bacteremia, urinary tract infections and wound infections,[3][4] and is responsible for 1.4% of HAI cases in the United States.[5] It is commonly found in the respiratory and urinary tracts of hospitalized adults and in the gastrointestinal system of children. Due to its abundant presence in the environment, and its preference for damp conditions, S. marcescens is commonly found growing in bathrooms (especially on tile grout, shower corners, toilet water line, and basin), where it manifests as a pink, pink-orange, or orange discoloration and slimy film feeding off phosphorus-containing materials or fatty substances such as soap and shampoo residue.

Escherichia coli (/ˌɛʃˈrɪkiə ˈkl/;[1] also known as E. coli) is a gram-negative,facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).[2] Most E. coli strains are harmless, but some serotypes can cause serious food poisoning in their hosts, and are occasionally responsible for product recalls due to food contamination.[3][4] The harmless strains are part of the normal flora of the gut, and can benefit their hosts by producing vitamin K2,[5] and preventing colonization of the intestine with pathogenic bacteria.[6][7] E. coli is expelled into the environment within fecal matter. The bacterium grows massively in fresh fecal matter under aerobic conditions for 3 days, but its numbers decline slowly afterwards.[8]

E. coli and other facultative anaerobes constitute about 0.1% of gut flora,[9] and fecal–oral transmission is the major route through which pathogenic strains of the bacterium cause disease. Cells are able to survive outside the body for a limited amount of time, which makes them potential indicator organisms to test environmental samples for fecal contamination.[10][11] A growing body of research, though, has examined environmentally persistent E. coli which can survive for extended periods outside of a host

Although previous research in mice has suggested that this fungus may be involved in Crohn’s, this is the first time it has been linked to the condition in people, the researchers said.

Moreover, when the researchers examined these bacteria and fungus, they found that the three microorganisms worked together to form a so-called biofilm — a thin, sticky layer of microorganisms — that attaches itself to a portion of the gut. This biofilm could trigger the inflammation that causes the symptoms of Crohn’s disease, the researchers said.

http://www.livescience.com/56334-gut-fungus-suspected-in-crohns-disease.html

 

List, source, and uses of enzymes derived from fungi for food manufacture
Enzyme Source Use
α -Amylase, amyloglucosidase Aspergillus niger
A. oryzae
Rhizopus spp.
Hydrolysis of starch in production of beer, bread; manufacture of high-fructose syrups
α-Galactosidase Mortierella vinacea Hydrolysis of raffinose to sucrose and galactose during sugar refining
Catalase Aspergillus niger
Penicillium vitale
Remove excess hydrogen peroxide formed during cake baking or that may be added during pasteurization of milk and cheese
Cellulase Aspergillus niger
Trichoderma viride
Improve palatability of low-quality vegetables, accelerate drying of vegetables, alter texture of foods, increase flavor of commercial mushrooms
Hemicellulase Aspergillus niger
Trichoderma viride
Manufacture of instant coffee
Invertase Yeasts
Aspergillus spp.
Increases sweetness in confections; yields soft center in chocolate-covered candies
Lactase Aspergillus niger
A. oryzae
Hydrolysis of lactose in milk products, enabling their use by lactose-intolerant individuals; production of syrups for use as sweetening agents
Lipase Candida spp.
Aspergillus spp.
Mucor spp.
Rhizopus spp.
Used for flavor development in cheese, chocolate crumb, apple wine, and cooking fats; improved whipping properties of egg whites; fish processing
Naringinase Aspergillus niger Reduce bitter flavonone glycoside derivative found in some citrus products
Nuclease Penicillium spp. Flavor enhancers
Pectic Enzymes Aspergillus niger
Penicillium notatum
Botrytis cinerea
Remove turbidity from fresh fruit juices; removal of pectins before concentrating juice; clarifying agent in wine
Protease Aspergillus spp. Mucor pusillus Meat tenderizer; remove bitter flavors, replace rennin in cheese manufacture, chill-proofing of beer; reduce elasticity of glutin proteins in bread
Rennet Mucor spp. Milk coagulation in cheese manufacture
Tannase Aspergillus niger Treat insoluable material that forms during manufacture of instant tea
SOURCE: Adapted from: Beuchat (1987) and Moore-Landecker (1995)

Emulsifiers Might Promote Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

More than 1.5 million Americans suffer from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is an autoimmune condition that involves inflammation in your digestive tract and includes both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

IBD sufferers have severely disrupted gut biota with different dominant species than healthy people, and those with Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis suffer from a breakdown in the mucosal lining of their gut. As reported in the journal Nature:1

“The intestinal tract is inhabited by a large and diverse community of microbes collectively referred to as the gut microbiota.

While the gut microbiota provides important benefits to its host, especially in metabolism and immune development, disturbance of the microbiota-host relationship is associated with numerous chronic inflammatory diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease and the group of obesity-associated diseases collectively referred to as metabolic syndrome.

A primary means by which the intestine is protected from its microbiota is via multi-layered mucus structures that cover the intestinal surface, thereby allowing the vast majority of gut bacteria to be kept at a safe distance from epithelial cells that line the intestine.

Thus, agents that disrupt mucus-bacterial interactions might have the potential to promote diseases associated with gut inflammation.”

Indeed, a new animal study revealed that emulsifiers, which are “detergent-like molecules,” impact mouse gut microbiota, induce low-grade inflammation and metabolic syndrome and promote “robust” colitis in mice predisposed to the disorder.

The researchers concluded:2 “… the broad use of emulsifying agents might be contributing to an increased societal incidence of obesity/metabolic syndrome and other chronic inflammatory diseases.”

Food Additives Might Be Impacting Your Health…

The emulsifiers used in the study were carboxymethylcellulose and polysorbate-80. Similar emulsifiers include lecithin, carrageenan, polyglycerols, and xanthan gum.

These additives keep oils and fats from separating, helping to improve the texture and shelf-life of salad dressing, non-dairy milk, and even foods like veggie burgers and hamburger patties.3

The emulsifiers caused chronic colitis in mice with already abnormal immune systems. In mice with healthy immune function, they resulted in mild intestinal inflammation and subsequent metabolic dysfunction that led to obesity, hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance.

Most notably, the emulsifiers were fed at levels that an average person would be exposed to if eating a lot of processed foods, suggesting these additives may indeed affect the health of many Americans.

Food additives such as these are all approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), again highlighting the severe limitation of our current regulatory system.

A 2013 study published in the journal Reproductive Toxicology found that nearly 80 percent of the food additives approved by the FDA lack testing information that would help the agency estimate the amount people can safely consume before suffering health consequences…4

18 DIY Home Remedies for Diarrhea

teabananaginger garlic

Diarrhea is a frequent watery bowel movements which are accompanied by painful cramps, nausea and vomiting. It may be mild (lasts for a day or two), acute (less than a week) and chronic (lasts for more than a week). Main cause for diarrhea, to occur is that when the food and fluids you ate will pass too quickly or too large in amount or both for some times through your colon. Colon is a substance which absorbs the liquid from the food what you eat by leaving a semisolid stool. But if the liquids from your food which you eat are not absorbed then it results in the watery bowel movement and at last it causes diarrhea.

Frequent loose and watery stools, mild fever, abdominal cramps and abdominal pain, blood in the stool, bloating etc are some of the symptoms of diarrhea. Food poison, diet, stress, some medications, fructose and other digestive disorders, etc. are the some of the causes for diarrhea.

Home Remedies for Diarrhea:

Diarrhea means loose, watery stools which makes more frequent trips to the toilet and also a great volume of stool. Diarrhea is what everyone experience at least once in their lifetime, so to avoid this problem follow these natural homemade remedies to be free from diarrhea and its symptoms.

1 Chamomile Tea

Chamomile is an excellent remedy in treating diarrhea as it helps to cure intestinal inflammation and it also has antispasmodic property to heal the problem.

Ingredients:

  • Chamomile tea bag or chamomile flower powder – 1 teaspoon or one tea bag
  • Peppermint leaves – 1 teaspoon
  • Water – 1cup

Process:

  1. Take a saucepan and pour water in it.
  2. Then add either dried chamomile or tea bag and also pepper mint oil into it.
  3. Stir it well and steep it for about 15 minutes.
  4. Strain it and drink this to get relief from the diarrhea and its symptoms.
  5. Drinking 3 cups a day will give instant relief.

2 Orange

It is an old remedy which helps in better digestion and also cures diarrhea.

Process– 1 (Orange Peel Tea)

Ingredients:

  • Orange peel – 1 orange
  • Boiling water – 1 pint

How-to:

  1. Take an orange and peel it
  2. Then chop that peel
  3. Pour this chopped orange peel in a pot
  4. Cover it with 1 pint of boiling water
  5. Allow the water to get cool
  6. Strain the tea and add sugar or honey to sweeten it.
  7. Organic orange is preferred as it is free from pesticides and dyes.
  8. Drink this tea as often once in a day to get rid of the diarrhea.

Process – 2: (Orange Juice)

Ingredients:

  • Oranges – 2 to 3
  • Sugar – 1 tablespoon
  • Salt – 1/6 teaspoon
  • Water – 1 1/3 cups

How-to:

  1. Take fresh oranges and make juice with the help of blender
  2. Add sugar, salt to it
  3. Mix it well in water
  4. Drink it for several times a day to get rid of the diarrhea and its symptoms.

3 Ginger

Ginger is used for better digestion and also helps to get rid of the cramps and abdominal pain which is caused by diarrhea.

Process – 1:

Ingredients:

  • Ginger – a small piece
  • Honey – 1 teaspoon

How-to:

  1. Take a small piece of ginger and grate it
  2. Add honey to it and mix it well
  3. Eat this mixture which helps to improve your digestive process.
  4. Be aware that not to drink water immediately after eating this mixture.
  5. Taking this regularly helps to protect you from any health diseases.

Process – 2:

Ingredients:

  • Ginger – 1 small piece
  • Water – 1 cup

How-to:

  1. Take a small piece of ginger in a pan to make tea
  2. Pour water into it to boil
  3. Boil it for few minutes to get hot
  4. Strain it and add honey to sweeten the taste.
  5. Drink this ginger tea to get relief from the diarrhea.
  6. If you’re not having ginger than you can also use powdered ginger which are available from your spice rack instantly to make tea.

Process – 3:

Ingredients:

  • Dry Ginger powder – 2 teaspoon
  • Salt – a pinch to taste
  • Water – 1 glass

How-to:

  1. Take ginger powder and add salt to it
  2. Mix it well in a glass of water
  3. Drink this once in a day to get rid of the problem.

4 Carrots

Carrots contain good source of pectin which helps to alleviate diarrhea. It also helps to replenish many vitamins and minerals which were lost due to diarrhea.

Process – 1: (Carrot Juice)

Ingredients:

  • Carrot juice – 1 glass
  • Lemon juice – few drops
  • Sugar or honey – as you likes to sweeten the juice

How-to:

  1. Take few fresh carrots and make the juice with the help of blender.
  2. Add few drops of lemon juice and sugar or honey
  3. Mix it well and taste this carrot juice
  4. Drinking carrot juice regularly will help to make you healthy.

Process – 2: (Carrot Puree)

Ingredients:

  • Fresh Carrots – 4to 5
  • Water
  • Blender

How-to:

  1. Take the carrots and cut them into pieces
  2. Then cook these carrots for few minutes to make it soft.
  3. Now blend these soft carrots in a blender by adding few drops of water
  4. Eat this puree to get relief from the diarrhea.
  5. Eating this puree of half a cup in several times a day will helps to get rid of the diarrhea problem.

5 Fenugreek Seeds

Fenugreek seeds are one of the wonderful remedy for many health problems. These are also helps to cure ingestion problems and diarrhea. It is a strong anti-diarrheal agent.

Process – 1:

Ingredients:

  • Fenugreek seeds – 1/2 teaspoon
  • Water – 1 glass

How-to:

  1. Take fenugreek seeds and mix it well with water
  2. Or you can mix fenugreek seeds with yogurt and eat it
  3. Drink this solution to fend off the diarrhea problem.
  4. Regular taking of this fenugreek seeds will be best results to cure the health problems including diarrhea.

Process – 2:

Ingredients:

  • Fenugreek seeds – 1/2 teaspoon
  • Cumin Seeds – 1/2 teaspoon
  • Yogurt – 2 tablespoons

How-to:

  1. Take fenugreek and cumin seeds in equal quantities
  2. Roast them and make them a fine powder by using mixture grinder
  3. Add this to yogurt
  4. Mix it well to make this a fine paste
  5. Consume this paste thrice a day to get quick relief from the diarrhea.

Process – 3:

Ingredients:

  • Fenugreek seeds – 1 teaspoon
  • Yogurt – 1 tablespoon

How-to:

  1. Take fenugreek seeds
  2. Swallow it with yogurt
  3. Do it once in a day to get rid of the problem.

6 Lemon and Ginger

Lemon helps to kill the bacteria that are responsible for the diarrhea. Ginger helps to cure the intestinal problems.

Process – 1:

Ingredients:

  • Lemon juice – 2 teaspoons
  • Ginger paste – 1/2 teaspoon
  • Black pepper powder – pinch

How-to:

  1. Take lemon juice and add ginger paste and a pinch of black pepper powder into it
  2. Mix it well to make it like a fine paste
  3. Consume this paste twice a day will helps to get rid of the problem.

Process – 2: Lemon Juice

Ingredients:

  • Lemon – 1 or 2
  • Hot water – 1/2 cup

How-to:

  1. Take fresh lemons and squeeze the juice from it
  2. Add water and mix it well
  3. Sip this liquid to get rid of the diarrhea quickly.

7 Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) has antibiotic properties which help to cure diarrhea. It also contains pectin which will soothe the intestinal spasms / irritated stomach.

Ingredients:

  • Apple cider vinegar – 1 tablespoon
  • Water – 1 glass

How-to:

  1. Take a glass of water and add apple cider vinegar in it
  2. Mix it well to make it clear solution.
  3. Drink this solution with each meal whenever you take, until you get rid of the diarrhea and its symptoms.

8 Berries

Blueberries have anti oxidant and anti bacterial properties which help to cure diarrhea and its symptoms. Black berries are good source of tannins which helps to treat diarrhea.

Remedy – 1: (Blueberry soup)

Ingredients:

  • Dried Blue berries – 1/3 ounce
  • Water – 1 cup
  • Sugar – 5 tablespoons
  • Cinnamon stick – 1 small
  • Lemon slices – 2 1/ 4 inch
  • Vanilla extract – 1/2 teaspoon
  • Salt – pinch

How-to:

  1. Take all the ingredients except lemon slices and heat them in a saucepan over high heat
  2. Stir it well until the sugar dissolves completely
  3. The reduce the heat to medium – low to simmer
  4. Allow the berries to become more tender for about 15 minutes
  5. Then discard lemon slices and cinnamon sticks
  6. Using blender make a soup with the puree
  7. Transfer the soup to a bowl and refrigerate until it is very cold.
  8. Drink this soup twice a day to get relief from the diarrhea.

Remedy – 2: (Black berry Tea)

Ingredients:

  • Dried black berry leaves – 1 teaspoon
  • Water – 1/2 glass of water

How-to:

  1. Make a tea by pouring water in the pan
  2. Add dried black berry leaves into the water
  3. Stir it well and boil it for about few minutes
  4. Strain the solution and drink it slowly to fend off the diarrhea problem.
  5. Drinking this tea for several times a day will definitely help to cure the problem soon.

9 Black Seed Oil

Black cumin seed is an herb with full of medicinal values. It is used to treat various health problems including diarrhea. It contains antioxidant properties and is full of vitamins and minerals which are helpful to cure diarrhea and also to boost up your immune system.

Ingredients:

  • Black seed oil – 1 teaspoon
  • Plain or flavored yogurt – 1 cup

How-to:

  1. Take a cup of yogurt and add black seed oil into it
  2. Mix it well as the oil has to dissolve completely in yogurt
  3. Consume this twice a day to get rid of the diarrhea and its symptoms.
  4. Continue eating it twice a day until and unless diarrhea has gone away.

10 Salt – Sugar Solution

As diarrhea leads to dehydration and you feel thirsty all the time. So to prevent that situation try this syrup as it helps to rehydrate you.

Ingredients:

  • Salt – 1 teaspoon
  • Sugar – 1 teaspoon
  • Water – 1 quart / 1 glass

How-to:

  1. Take salt and sugar in equal quantities
  2. Mix it well in water
  3. Drink this solution to get rid of the diarrhea and also to rehydrate yourself.
  4. Drinking this 2 – 3 times a day will provide to your body the necessary glucose and electro-hydrates

11 Brown Rice and Banana

Brown rice contains B vitamins which help to control and cure various symptoms of diarrhea. Bananas contain pectin which will soak up excess water and gives quick relief from the diarrhea.

Ingredients:

  • Brown Rice – 1/2 cup
  • Water – 3 cups
  • Banana – 1 small one

How-to:

  1. Prepare rice by adding brown rice and water in a cooker
  2. Let it like that until it becomes soft
  3. Then add a banana to the rice and mix it well
  4. Eat that rice which helps to remove the toxins from your body and thereby diarrhea.
  5. Process has to be continued for better relief from the diarrhea.

12 Honey and Ginger

Honey will helps to soothe the irritated part due to this diarrhea and ginger helps to cure gastro intestinal problems at last leads to cure diarrhea

Ingredients:

  • Dry ginger powder – 1 teaspoon
  • Honey – 1 teaspoon
  • Cumin powder – 1 teaspoon
  • Cinnamon powder – 1 teaspoon

How-to:

  1. Take all the ingredients in equal quantities
  2. Then mix it well to make a fine paste
  3. Now take this thrice (three times) a day to get rid of the problem.

13 Cinnamon and Cayenne Pepper

The combination of these is very effective in tightening the bowels and helps to prevent the diarrhea.

Ingredients:

  • Cinnamon – 1/4 teaspoon
  • Cayenne pepper – 1/8 teaspoon
  • Water – 2 cups

How-to:

  1. Take a pan and pour water in it and put this pan over medium heat
  2. Then add cinnamon and cayenne pepper to it
  3. Stir it well and put it in simmer for about 20 minutes
  4. Let it cool for few minutes
  5. Now drink 1/4 cup for every half an hour to get instant relief from the diarrhea.
  6. Drink this until and unless you get relief from the problem.

14 Nutmeg

Nutmeg is a potent aromatic spice which contains starch, potassium, proteins, calcium, safrole, camphene as this helps to treat nutmeg.

Ingredients:

  • Flour – 1 teaspoon
  • Nutmeg – 1 teaspoon
  • White sugar – 1 teaspoon
  • Salt – pinch
  • Water – 1 glass

How-to:

  1. Take a glass and mix all the ingredients in it
  2. Add water to it and mix it well
  3. Drink this solution for every 4 hours
  4. Or you can take three pinches of ground nutmeg and dissolve it in warm water. Sip it slowly to get rid of the problem.

15 Slippery Elm

Slippery elm is a bulk fiber source which helps to thicken the bowel movement and soothing spasms in bowels.

Ingredients:

  • Slippery elm – 1 teaspoon
  • Hot water – 1 cup

How-to:

  1. Take slippery elm powder and mix it with hot water
  2. Drink this to get relief
  3. Drinking a cup of this liquid for three times a day will helps to prevent the diarrhea.

16 Yogurt

Yogurt contains probiotics (friendly or good bacteria) which helps to line your intestine to protect you from disease causing germs. Yogurt produce lactic acids in your intestine which helps to kill the bacteria and makes you feel better. Live – culture yogurt is the best way to treat the diarrhea which is caused by antibiotics. As these antibiotics will kill the beneficial bacteria in your intestines, but by eating live culture yogurt (kefir) will helps to replenish those bacteria. So, it’s better to eat yogurt and live – culture products daily to get rid of these problems.

17 Garlic

Garlic helps to soothes, cleanses and also reduces the inflammation. It also helps for better digestion and makes you feel better while you’re facing the problems of diarrhea and constipation, etc. garlic contains rich in potassium which helps for proper contractions of muscles including intestines. By all these properties, garlic is an excellent medicine in curing the diarrhea and its symptoms. You can take this garlic either in raw, cooked, precooked forms by using this in soups, juice, milk, honey etc. you can also use garlic tablets (2 – 3) each of 2 grams once or twice a day for mild cases, 3 times a day for acute cases and 5 times a day for chronic cases.

18 Diet Plan

Planning your diet will also helps to get cure from many health problems including diarrhea.

  • Avoid milk, cheese and other dairy products (except yogurt, buttermilk, cheese) while you facing diarrhea and also after it got reduced for a month will gives better results.
  • Avoid caffeine, non clear drinks (orange juice or tomato juice), spicy foods and food with high concentration of sugars will also increase the diarrhea.
  • Intake the food which are kinder and gentler like soups, rice, noodles, bananas, soda crackers, cooked carrots, potatoes, toast, skinless white meat chicken in your diet to get relief from your diarrhea.
  • Have starchy food such as precooked rice or tapioca cereals, boiled which rice, brown rice, toast etc. but avoid fried and fast foods & high fiber food as it is not soluble in your stomach easily.
  • Avoid too much of sugar or salt in your diet and also oatmeal, uncooked vegetables, etc. has to be avoided.
  • Eat salty crackers / soda crackers, sugar cookies or even plain cookies which help to ease your pain.

Tips to Reduce the Diarrhea:

These tips will be useful to you in the travel of curing the diarrhea and its symptoms.

  1. Drink water and other fluids like fresh fruit juices (other than apple and prune), sports drinks, herbal teas, soups and other over the counter electrolyte powder which helps to run the body without any problem and replaces what you’re losing.  So, stay hydrated all the time to get proper resistance to fight against the infection causing gems, etc.
  2. Taking rest is the natural way to cure the problem, as it helps to boost up the immune system which helps to get rid of any problem.
  3. Frequent drinking / sipping of any broth (lukewarm but not hot) with little salt will also cures the diarrhea.
  4. Simply putting a heat pad on your belly will also helps to give relief from the abdominal cramps.
  5. Avoid drinking alcohol or consume a little quantity while you facing this problem. Also avoid smoking and chewing gums (sorbitol)
  6. After clearing up of the diarrhea symptoms, you can start drinking broth but make sure that the broth does not contain any fat or other substances. You can also try plain green tea, plain toasted food, etc to get rid of the diarrhea problem.
  7. Take only liquids for the first 12 hours of the problem to get solved. After 23 hours, take only BRAT diet (banana, rice, applesauce and toast) to get relief from the diarrhea problem. Eating green banana will helps to cure the diarrhea.
  8. Eat two bananas (ripped) every day until you got relief from the diarrhea.
  9. Drink plenty o water as diarrhea leads to dehydration of your body. So, drink water like coconut water, barley water, rice water etc. to get hydrate yourself and to prevent the diarrhea problem.
  10. Have fresh fruit juices especially pomegranate juice, mango, guava and avoid fruits which causes diarrhea like apple, prunes etc.
  11. Wash your hands frequently after completing your bowel movement and before going to take your meal to avoid the infections
  12. Take the fresh food but not frozen, other food which was stored in few days.
  13. Keep the food free from bacteria, fungus, and virus as they cause you the problem of diarrhea.
  14. Even stress also plays a vital role in causing diarrhea. So, try to reduce your stress by doing yoga, meditations and other activities.

Diarrhea is an uncomfortable and unpleasant situation, where diarrhea and its symptoms usually last for a couple of days. But for sometimes, diarrhea lasts for a week or more and becomes chronic. Then immediately consult the doctor as it can leads to any serious problem.

http://www.homeremediesforlife.com

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Comments: When travelling, drink clean water, avoid spoiled food such as white rice (3-day old), eat slowly, eat pineapple/papaya 30min before and after meals, drink green tea.

 

Inflammatory bowel disease in pets

Inflammatory bowel disease in pets can give us  health cues as humans have similar body functions. Pets do not eat sugar, dairies, trans fat, smoke or stress out like we do.
We can start with cleansing and then nourishment. Do drink raw carrots juice with garlic and ginger. Limit refined foods, sugar, alcohol, smoking and unhealthy fats/trans fat. Email motherhealth@gmail.com for personal health coaching.
Connie
———-
Listen as Dr. Karen Becker discusses the very common problem of IBD in companion animals – how it starts, what to look for, treatment options and how to prevent this miserable disorder in your furry family member.

Dr. Becker’s Comments:

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a condition of inflammation of the intestines.

There are four common types of IBD, classified by what kind of white blood cells infiltrate the intestine: lymphocytes, plasmacytes, eosinophils and neutrophils. Without a doubt, the most common cause of IBD in pets is lymphocytic-plasmacytic enteritis, gastritis and colitis.

If your pet’s intestines are inflamed long enough, the situation can create a host of other debilitating health conditions.

IBD and Leaky Gut

Both cats and dogs get IBD. Both are susceptible to dysbiosis or ‘leaky gut,’ which means the balance of bad to good intestinal bacteria gets out of whack.

Leaky or permeable gut is a condition in which inflammation weakens the tight junctions of the cells of the GI tract, allowing partially digested proteins and potential allergens to escape into your pet’s bloodstream.

Allergens in the bloodstream trigger a systemic immune reaction – your pet’s body senses foreign invading substances and mounts a powerful defense. The result is allergies or worse – autoimmune or immune-mediated disease. A simple explanation for this condition is that your pet’s body is attacking itself.

IBD Leads to Secondary Infections, Organ Degeneration, Nutritional Deficiencies and Even Cancer

Secondary infections are very common in dogs and cats with inflammatory bowel disease. This is the result of not having a balanced, healthy digestive system.

Over half your pet’s immune function is located in his GI tract, so if the intestines are inflamed and compromised, the immune system is compromised right along with it.

Secondary organ degeneration is common with IBD, especially in the kidneys and liver.

Nutritional deficiencies are also typical in IBD pets because inflammation disrupts the normal absorption and processing of nutrients from food.

With kitties, there’s a correlation between GI cancer (lymphoma of the GI tract) and chronic IBD.

A Common Cause of IBD – GI Parasites

There are a few common causes of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs and cats.

One that is often overlooked is the presence of parasites.

My estimate is the vast majority of puppy mill pets and abandoned/rescued animals left at shelters are positive for parasites – roundworms, hookworms, tapeworms, coccidia, and Giardia. Parasites cause GI inflammation.

Another source for parasite infestation is in litters whose mothers were not tested or treated prior to being bred. Responsible breeders arrange for testing and deworming of females before they are bred, which insures litters will be parasite free.

Less responsible or unknowledgeable breeders don’t take the same precautions and end up selling litter after litter of puppies and kittens that have GI parasites.

The next problem arises at the veterinary clinic, where broad spectrum dewormers are given to infected animals at regular intervals until 16 weeks. At the end of the 16 weeks, the pets are re-checked to see if the parasites are gone.

But here’s the issue: if the specific parasite isn’t identified, it may not be killed by a broad spectrum dewormer. So pets wind up with several weeks of unnecessary medication that doesn’t even solve the problem.

Many dogs I see at my Natural Pet hospital have been dewormed three or four times but are still having problems. When I check fecal samples for these pups, I often find they are coccidia or Giardia-positive. Broad spectrum dewormers don’t take care of these particular parasites. Giardia, for example, causes intermittent diarrhea and chronic low-grade inflammation of the GI tract. It is not responsive to the dewormers most vets prescribe.

A saner, safer approach is for your vet to do at least three fecal analyses one month apart to determine the type of parasite and to confirm your pet is rid of them. Selecting the appropriate dewormer for the type of parasite, and treating the pet until the parasites are completely resolved is a crucial part of decreasing GI inflammation and preventing full-blown IBD.

By the time these unfortunate pups are seen at my practice, they are over 16 weeks old, with intermittent soft stools indicating GI inflammation, and they typically still have a parasite problem which requires treatment before any other symptoms can be resolved.

Another Root Cause – Antibiotics and Steroids

Another of my frustrations is that animals with low-grade GI inflammation are treated with antibiotics by the traditional veterinary community.

Antibiotics are a second common trigger for inflammatory bowel disease.

GI antibiotics kill the healthy bacteria right along with the bad guys. When all bacteria is obliterated from your pet’s gut, the regrowth often results in an imbalance featuring too many gram-negative, unhealthy bacteria or opportunistic yeast and not enough of the friendly variety. This is the definition of dysbiosis.

Now we have a 16+ week old puppy or kitten that has had several weeks of GI inflammation, ineffective deworming treatments, one or two rounds of antibiotics which have obliterated all the bacteria in his GI tract, and no re-seeding of bacteria with an appropriate probiotic to insure a healthy balance.

This little guy is well on his way to low-grade GI inflammation and IBD.

I’ve also seen dogs and cats that at six months of age are already on Prednisone therapy for GI inflammation. Prednisone is an immunosuppressive steroid, which turns the immune system down or completely off, wiping out troublesome symptoms and giving the appearance of a ‘cure.’ Unfortunately, this treatment doesn’t do a thing to uncover the root cause of the GI inflammation and ultimately postpones true healing.

A Third Culprit: Food Intolerance

In my practice I see many pets brought in for intermittent soft-to-watery stools, a situation many pet parents dub ‘sensitive stomach.’

Typically, this ‘sensitive stomach’ means the dog or cat cannot undergo any sort of dietary change without major GI consequences. This isn’t what nature had in mind when it built your favorite furry friend.

Just as you are designed to eat different foods at every meal without GI disturbance, pets with healthy, resilient GI tracts should be able to tolerate changes in the food they eat without negative consequences.

Probably more than half the pet owners I talk to assume it’s normal for their dog or cat to have GI sensitivity to changes in diet. But what’s really going on is the animal’s gut is in some way compromised and therefore cannot withstand dietary variety. It could be a low-grade inflammation that has been present for weeks, months or even years by that time.

Food intolerance or sensitivity can begin with a poor quality, non-species appropriate diet – one that is high in unnecessary carbohydrates. Processed pet food containing a lot of corn, wheat or rice can create inflammation in the gut of your carnivorous dog or cat, designed to digest meat – not grains.

I also have clients that feed a raw, species-appropriate diet without carbohydrates, which is wonderful, except they feed the same protein source for weeks, months or years.

Many animals (including humans) develop hypersensitivity to a food they eat over and over again. Inflammation is the result and can lead to IBD.

So overfeeding too much of even the right foods can lead to problems in the digestive tract.

Testing for IBD

There are two different diagnostic tests that are commonly done to detect IBD.

One test is what is known as a ‘confirming’ test, in which a biopsy is taken to assess morphologic characteristics common in the GI tracts of animals with inflammatory bowel disease. This is not my first choice because it’s expensive, invasive and involves anesthesia and the inherent risks that come with it.

The other test, which I use often in my practice, is a functional gastrointestinal test using a blood sample.

What we’re looking for with this test is two types of B vitamin absorption, the first of which is folate. Folate is a water-soluble B vitamin that is not easily absorbed in the small intestine unless it is deconjugated there.

If your pet’s small intestine can’t deconjugate folate, meaning it can’t break it down into an absorbable form, she can end up folate-deficient, in which case her blood test will show low or suboptimal levels of folate.

A low folate level means either your pet’s assimilation and absorption of nutrients is poor, or her body is challenged by the deconjugation process, indicating a disease or disorder of the small intestine.

If your pet’s folate is high rather than low, it indicates another type of problem. Your pet’s small intestine contains a small amount of bacteria critical for the production and assimilation of certain B vitamins. If this bacteria blooms into an overgrowth, your pet can wind up with high folate levels and a condition known as SIBO – Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth.

The second blood test I use to assess GI function involves another B vitamin called cobalamin, which is bound to protein.

Cobalamin is released from protein through a complex series of events that starts in the stomach and finishes in the small intestine.

If cobalamin levels are low, we can assume this complex process is not occurring optimally. Cobalamin levels are a measure of digestion. This condition of maldigestion can sometimes also involve the pancreas. The disorder is called EPI – Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency and can be diagnosed via another GI blood test called a TLI (Trypsin-like Immunoreactivity).

If you suspect your pet has IBD but you’re not interested in doing a biopsy at this point, ask your vet to perform functional GI testing to determine a diagnosis.

In my practice, I also do two additional functional tests, TLI and PLI, which assess pancreatic function. Secondary pancreatitis is a very common condition in IBD patients, so assessing your dog’s or cat’s pancreatic function is also important.

These functional GI tests are available through the gastrointestinal lab at Texas A&M University.

Dietary Recommendations for IBD

Upon diagnosis, your veterinarian will probably tell you to feed a bland diet if your pet is symptomatic with vomiting, diarrhea or soft stool with mucus and/or blood.

My idea of a bland diet is different from a traditional veterinarian’s. I recommend ground cooked turkey and canned pumpkin or cooked sweet potato. I don’t recommend the traditional beef and rice. Beef is high in fat, which can exacerbate GI inflammation and pancreatitis.

Rice is a complex carb which can be fermented in the GI tract, causing gas, which can lead to additional digestive upset.

I recommend a grain-free, bland diet because in my experience it’s more suitable to pets with active symptoms of IBD.

While feeding your dog or cat a bland diet, you should be thinking about what’s next for her in terms of nutritional requirements. Bland is fine for a short time, but balance in the diet is crucial

I recommend you work with an integrative veterinarian to select a novel protein source — one your pet has either never consumed or hasn’t for a long while. This will give the GI tract and your pet’s immune system a good rest.

You’ll also want to select a novel vegetable or fiber source as well, to create an anti-inflammatory menu that will facilitate healing within both the large and small intestine.

An integrative vet can help you build a comprehensive protocol for your pet that addresses not only dietary issues, but also vaccinations, the use of drug therapy, and any potential toxins in your pet’s environment or lifestyle that could be contributing to unaddressed inflammation.


Connie’s notes: We start with cleansing and then nourishment. Do drink raw carrots juice with garlic and ginger. Limit refined foods, sugar, alcohol, smoking and unhealthy fats/trans fat. Email motherhealth@gmail.com for personal health coaching.

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NANO CARROT

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