Lasting First Impressions

Summary: According to researchers, we continue to be influenced by a person’s appearance even after we have interacted with them.

Source: Cornell University.

Even after having ‘read a book,’ one still judges it by its ‘cover’.

A well-known saying urges people to “not judge a book by its cover.”

But people tend to do just that – even after they’ve skimmed a chapter or two, according to Cornell research.

Vivian Zayas, associate professor of psychology in the College of Arts and Sciences, and her colleagues found that people continue to be influenced by another person’s appearance even after interacting with them face-to-face. First impressions formed simply from looking at a photograph predicted how people felt and thought about the person after a live interaction that took place one month to six months later.

“Facial appearance colors how we feel about someone, and even how we think about who they are,” said Zayas, an expert in the cognitive and affective processes that regulate close relationships. “These facial cues are very powerful in shaping interactions, even in the presence of other information.”

The research suggests we bring our assumptions about others into our interactions with them, she said. “If we’re not finding common ground with someone, or maybe there’s a little conflict, we have to ask ourselves, ‘What am I bringing into that interaction?’

“We often think that our perceptions of others are real, as real as the sun, instead of realizing that sometimes our perceptions might not be completely correct,” she said.

The study, “Impressions Based on a Portrait Predict, 1-Month Later, Impressions Following a Live Interaction,” is in press in Social Psychological and Personality Science. Co-authors are Gul Gunaydin, Ph.D. ’13, of Bilkent University in Turkey, and Emre Selcuk, Ph.D. ’13, of Middle East Technical University, also in Turkey. Both collaborators were Cornell graduate students in the Department of Psychology.

The researchers ran experiments in which 55 participants looked at photographs of four women who were smiling in one instance and had a neutral expression in another. For each photo, participants evaluated whether they would be friends with the woman, indicating likeability, and whether or not her personality was extroverted, agreeable, emotionally stable, conscientious and open to new experiences.

Between one month and six months later, the study participants met one of the photographed women – not realizing they had rated her photograph previously. They played a trivia game for 10 minutes then were instructed to get to know each other as well as possible for another 10 minutes. After each interaction, the study participants again evaluated the person’s likeability and personality traits.

The researchers found a strong consistency between how the participants evaluated the person based on the photograph and on the live interaction.

If study participants thought a person in a photograph was likeable and had an agreeable, emotionally stable, open-minded and conscientious personality, that impression carried through after the face-to-face meeting. Conversely, participants who thought the person in the photograph was unlikeable and had a disagreeable, emotionally unstable, close-minded, and disagreeable personality kept that judgment after they met.

“What is remarkable is that despite differences in impressions, participants were interacting with the same person, but came away with drastically different impressions of her even after a 20-minute face-to-face interaction,” Zayas said.

Zayas has two explanations for the findings. A concept called behavioral confirmation or self-fulfilling prophecy accounted for, at least in part, consistency in liking judgments. The study participants who had said they liked the person in the photograph tended to interact with them face to face in a friendlier, more engaged way, she said.

“They’re smiling a little bit more, they’re leaning forward a little bit more. Their nonverbal cues are warmer,” she said. “When someone is warmer, when someone is more engaged, people pick up on this. They respond in kind. And it’s reinforcing: The participant likes that person more.”

Image shows photos of women.

Regarding why participants showed consistency in judgments of personality, a halo effect could have come into play, she said. Participants who gave the photographed person a positive evaluation attributed other positive characteristics to them as well. “We see an attractive person as also socially competent, and assume their marriages are stable and their kids are better off. We go way beyond that initial judgment and make a number of other positive attributions,” Zayas said.

In a related study, she and her colleagues found that people said they would revise their judgment of people in photographs if they had the chance to meet them in person, because they’d have more information on which to base their assessment.

“And people really think they would revise,” she said. “But in our study, people show a lot more consistency in their judgments, and little evidence of revision.”


Source: Rebecca Valli – Cornell University
Image Source: NeuroscienceNews.com image is credited to Vivian Zayas.
Original Research: Abstract for “Impressions Based on a Portrait Predict, 1-Month Later, Impressions Following a Live Interaction” by Gul Gunaydin, Emre Selcuk, and Vivian Zayas in Social Psychological and Personality Science. Published online August 25 2016 doi:10.1177/1948550616662123

Cornell University “Lasting First Impressions.” NeuroscienceNews. NeuroscienceNews, 28 November 2016.


Impressions Based on a Portrait Predict, 1-Month Later, Impressions Following a Live Interaction

When it comes to person perception, does one “judge a book by its cover?” Perceivers made judgments of liking, and of personality, based on a photograph of an unknown other, and at least 1 month later, made judgments following a face-to-face interaction with the same person. Photograph-based liking judgments predicted interaction-based liking judgments, and, to a lesser extent, photograph-based personality judgments predicted interaction-based personality judgments (except for extraversion). Consistency in liking judgments (1) partly reflected behavioral confirmation (i.e., perceivers with favorable photograph-based judgments behaved more warmly toward the target during the live interaction, which elicited greater target warmth); (2) explained, at least in part, consistency in personality judgments (reflecting a halo effect); and (3) remained robust even after controlling for perceiver effects, target effects, and perceived attractiveness. These findings support the view that even after having “read a book,” one still, to some extent, judges it by its “cover.”

“Impressions Based on a Portrait Predict, 1-Month Later, Impressions Following a Live Interaction” by Gul Gunaydin, Emre Selcuk, and Vivian Zayas in Social Psychological and Personality Science. Published online August 25 2016 doi:10.1177/1948550616662123

Stop aging of your face with DIY Vitamin C serum by wellnessmama

Vitamin C serum is a natural skin care ingredient that is often found in high-end beauty regimes, and Vitamin C serums, creams and lotions are popping up everywhere.


Vitamin C is touted as an anti-aging and anti-wrinkle cream. Many of these products also cost an arm and a leg. Thankfully, there is a natural, homemade and inexpensive alternative (noticing a trend here?) that seems to work just as well. Vitamin C is helpful for brightening and tightening skin (this works if you take it internally too!).

Why Vitamin C? Glad you asked… Vitamin C has been reported to:

Increase collaged production in the skin (this helps get rid of wrinkles) – I personally like to take gelatin and Vitamin C internally too for this purpose.
Brighten and tighten the skin
Reduce the effects of negative sun exposure (Not all sun exposure is bad)
Reduce chlorine exposure
Help skin repair itself
Some cautions from experience:

Measure carefully and do not add extra Vitamin C as it is acidic and can/will burn skin if the concentration is too high.
If you have extra sensitive skin, dilute with even more water
This is best paired with a skin care routine like Oil Pulling
For dry or aging skin, Vitamin C serum is a good solution. It can be used for acne prone skin too, but it seems that Sea Spray for skin works better.
If you are dealing with a lot of wrinkles or very dry skin, extra vitamin C can be added, but work up slowly and test on the inner arm before applying to the face
Ever used a Vitamin C serum on your skin? How did it work for you?

The Recipe:

DIY Vitamin C Serum

DIY Homemade Vitamind C Serum for health skin and wrinkle reduction 295×300 DIY Vitamin C Serum
Prep time
5 mins
Total time
5 mins

A simple and effective Vitamin C serum that boosts skin health with natural ingredients.
Author: Wellness Mama
Recipe type: Beauty
½ tsp Vitamin C Powder (I use this one)
1 tablespoon distilled water OR 1 teaspoons distilled water to dissolve and 2 Tablespoons vegetable glycerine (I used this one)
a dark colored container to store (Vitamin C oxidizes easily) I used this one.
Dissolve the Vitamin C powder in the water.
If only using water and Vitamin C, you are done. This will store for up to 2 weeks or longer in the fridge.
If using glycerine, dissolve the Vitamin C in the smaller amount of water, then stir in glycerine and store. This version will last a month or longer.
Personally, I like the pure Vitamin C and water recipe as a toner after cleansing, though glycerine is moisturizing and softening for the skin and will extend the recipe. DO NOT use glycerine on anything that is used in oral care or in the mouth as it is bad for teeth.


Connie Dello Buono

Prevent vascular disease, manage inflammation, get GYV health caps to boost ATP cells performance and speedy repair of your body, email connie to get the caps and join in spreading the benefits with extra income for you at motherhealth@gmail.com and text 408-854-1883

7 Things You Didn’t Know About Your Skin by Amanda Greene Kelly

Taking care of your skin is probably second nature by now. You know to slather on SPF each morning and scan for new and changing moles to keep your skin happy and healthy. But despite understanding how to combat wrinkles and ward off disease, there’s a fair share that you might not know about your body’s largest organ. Read on for seven interesting facts about your skin.

1.  Your skin’s appearance and texture can give you clues about the rest of your health.

Sometimes, changes in your skin can signal changes in your health as a whole. For example, according to Brooke Jackson, MD, Director of the Skin Wellness Center of Chicago, “The hormones that the thyroid produces are directly responsible for the natural fats that protect the skin, as well as hair and cell growth and hair pigmentation.”

She explains that in a person with hyperthryroidism (when the thyroid overproduces thyroid hormone), the epidermis––the outer layer of skin––may thicken and skin may be soft. With hypothyroidism (when the thyroid under-produces thyroid hormone), on the other hand, symptoms include very dry skin and thickened skin on the palms and soles. Another way your skin can tip you off to health issues: Acanthosis nigricans, a condition in which skin around the neck darkens and changes in texture, is often associated with diabetes, according to D’Anne Kleinsmith, MD, dermatologist at William Beaumont Hospital in Royal Oak, MI.

2.  Everyone has the same pigment in their skin that’s responsible for color. 

Melanin, explains Josie Tenore, MD, SM, is a coloring pigment that is present in all people’s skin—regardless of race. “The difference in skin tone between people of different races—and between people of the same race––lies in how much of this pigment is present, and its distribution within the skin.”

More specifically, everyone—no matter how dark or pale they are––has the same number of melanocytes, which are the cells that make melanin, explains Arnold Oppenheim, MD, a board-certified dermatologist. “It’s their product, melanosomes—which contain the melanin––that differ. Some people have denser and larger ones, which make their skin darker.” Also, the denser and closer together they are, “the more protection the skin is afforded from skin cancer,” he says.

3. As we age, our skin sheds cells more slowly.

Ever wonder why children have such naturally rosy and dewy skin? While skin of all ages produces new cells which eventually move to the surface and shed off, young people’s skin does this more often, according to Dr. Tenore. “In kids, this happens every two to three weeks, which gives them that vibrant, shiny skin. But as we age, this process becomes slower. More dead cells stay on the surface, resulting in that dull, dehydrated look.”

She adds that exposure to direct sunlight slows down the sloughing off process even further because UV light decreases cellular turnover. Depending on your skin type—your dermatologist can identify yours––daily exfoliation or a topical antioxidant serum that contains retinoids, vitamins and peptides can help encourage cell turnover, according to Francesca Fusco, MD, a New York City dermatologist.

4. Stretch marks can be prevented—to a degree.

Pregnancy, weight fluctuations and even teenage growth spurts can all cause stretch marks, those squiggly lines that start out darker than your skin color and often appear on the hips, thighs and abdomen (but can crop up anywhere). When collagen and elastin initially break down, says Dr. Oppenheim, skin creates striae rubrae—red or purple stretch marks on light-colored skin—due to inflammation. When stretch marks are in this phase, applying retinoid creams to them—no matter where they appear––can “considerably lessen their appearance,” says Dr. Fusco. That’s because the medication promotes cell turnover and skin regeneration. Some older stretch marks, which are lighter in color and have indentations, can be treated with lasers to help smooth the skin, says Dr. Kleinsmith, but it depends on where they appear—ask your dermatologist if lasers can help reduce the appearance of your older stretch marks.

5. The oiliness of our skin dictates what type of hair grows in that area.

The relationship between hair and skin is a close one. “The whole sebaceous (oil) gland and hair apparatus is one unit,” says Dr. Oppenheim. “The oil gland grows out of the hair follicle, which it helps to lubricate.” But it’s the difference in the individual glands that affects hair type. According to Dr. Oppenheim, “Where we have large oil glands, which produce more oil, we have thin hairs; where we have small oil glands, which produce less oil, we have thick hair.” People have oily skin in the middle of their faces because there are large sebaceous glands there, and they have dry skin on the periphery because there are small oil glands there. This is why even men with heavy beards don’t grow hair in the middle of their faces.  

6. Age spots should really be called “sun spots.”

Those brown spots that tend to crop up with age have little to do with the passing years, and much more to do with soaking up rays. “Age spots are the result of cumulative sun exposure and subsequent damage,” says Dr. Fusco. “They appear because pigment cells have accumulated in the top layer of skin.” To prevent sunspots, apply sunscreen in the morning every single day—and every few hours afterward if you’ll be in direct sunlight. “The minimum SPF you should use is 30; be sure that it’s broad spectrum to block UVB and UVA rays.” advises Dr. Fusco. Aim to use a marble-sized amount of block for your face and a shot glass–sized amount for your body. Though age spots aren’t directly related to age, seborriheic keratosis, benign hereditary moles that usually stick out from your skin, are. They vary in color from white to black, says Dr. Oppenheim, and tend to appear on the face, scalp and torso (but can show up anywhere except your palms, the soles of your feet and your mouth) as you grow older.

7. Melanomas don’t always have color.

If you’re on the lookout for dark moles to screen for skin cancer, you’re on the right track. But malignant spots aren’t always so easy to find. “Follow the Sesame Street rule—‘One of these things is not like the other,’” says Barbara Reed, MD, a dermatologist at the Denver Skin Clinic. “Melanomas can be red, purple, flesh-colored or even white. I think I’ve seen them in every color except green,” she explains. If a mole looks funny, grows, itches or just plain makes you obsess over it, Dr. Reed recommends heading to your dermatologist for a check-up. And always tell your doctor about any other new spots or skin irregularities that you notice.



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Beauty Drink for Healthy Skin

Healthy hydration can power your skin cells to a healthy you

Adequate sleep, exercise, sun block use, whole foods and adequate supplementation are important skin solutions.

Beauty serums abounds such as the list below. Email or order motherhealth@gmail.com via paypal conniedbuono@gmail.com or Chase bank quick pay using the email and tel 408-854-1883 with free health coaching.

Beauty serums

beauty serum 2beauty serum

Beauty drink

1/2 cup coconut water , 1/2cup water (or almond, rice, or soya milk), 1/2 scoop protein powder
, 1/2 cup frozen raspberries, 1/2 cup blueberries, 2 tbsp. probiotic active yogurt 1 tsp, chia seeds 1 tbsp , wheat or barley grass 1 tsp, cocoa powder 1 tsp , flax oil and your choice of favorite food

You may try a different variation of the above drink. Mix and match with different kinds of berries.
Remember that sleep is important for your skin. Wash your face before going to bed  for face wash based on your skin needs.

To lessen the allergies and redness of your skin, take Vit Bs, D, E, A and C and do eat whole foods only , fish and all healthy, organic foods.

For AGELOC Youth supplements (which resets your gene expression to a younger you) delivered at your door, check out:


If you are trying to lose weight, lessen caffeine, sweets including sweet fruits during the first 3 weeks. When your body has not been consuming unhealthy food for sometime, you will notice that you prefer to eat healthy moving forward.

What a surprise, you are now feeling energetic with a healthier skin since you have stopped eating sweets, soda, and other unhealthy food and lifestyle.