Oxygen. Deadly cancer enemy. Deep breath

Cancer Prevention and Cure?

We don’t compete with conventional Western medicine, we compliment it. It is our intention to provide the knowledge and materials that can improve the lives of millions of human beings; to awaken the breathing consciousness of the world. I am really sick and tired of much of the the cancer industry bilking and killing millions in the name of “health”.

The modality priority depends on the person. Primary approaches we recommend are sodium bicarbonate; breathing development, fresh veggie and fruit juice combos, coffee enemas, oxygen and brain, attitude, purpose, belief systems training, and for skin I tried this CBD oil from Spain (30ML 2x Concentrate) on a diagnosed small growth cancer on my face and it WORKED; gone in a few weeks.


Dr. Otto Warburg received the 1931 Nobel price for proving that cancer is  anaerobic. It does not survive in high concentrations of oxygen.

Dr. Warburg and cancer. Cancer all other diseases, has countless secondary causes. But, even for cancer, there is only one prime cause. Summarized in a few words, the prime cause of cancer is the replacement of the respiration of oxygen in normal body cells by a fermentation of sugar.

All normal body cells meet their energy needs by respiration of oxygen, whereas cancer cells meet their energy needs in great part by fermentation. All normal body cells are thus obligate aerobes, whereas all cancer cells are partial anaerobes. From the standpoint of the physics and chemistry of life this difference between normal and cancer cells is so great that one can scarcely picture a greater difference.

Oxygen gas, the donor of energy in plants and animals is dethroned in the cancer cells and replaced by an energy yielding reaction of the lowest living forms, namely, a fermentation of glucose. Cancer cells can flourish in low oxygen environments. They can not survive in HIGH oxygen environments.


Breathing is our primary c source of oxygen. Contemporary lung volume measurements are inconsistent and guided by cross sectional criteria instead of longitudinal data and therefore do not adequately predict decline within individuals.  This lack of insight about optimal functioning can cause people to be trained to do forced inhalations that may actually be harmful in long run.


  1. High meat and fat consumption.
  2. Coffee, tea, colas.
  3. Aflatoxins (fungal products; especially in peanuts and soy sauce).
  4. Lack of iodine, Vitamins A, C, E.
  5. Amines (such as nitrosamines) in unrefrigerated foods, processed meat, cheese.
  6. High intake of certain vitamins.
  7. Habit of overeating (associated in 35% of all cancers).
  8. Some species of mushrooms.
  9. Diet high in refined foods.
  10. Diet high in fat or protein.
  11. Diabetes
  12. Overweight
  13. High “transit time” through colon.
  14. Estrogens
  15. Hair dyes
  16. Asbestos fibers
  17. Drugs: certain antibiotics (Tetracycline, probably penicillin), aspirin, diuretics, immunosuppressants, Azolid, Butazolidin, Presamine, Tofranil, SK-Pramine, Tapazole, Methotrexate, antihistamines, amphetamines, Atromid-S, etc. (NOTE: These are associations, not implying that they are causative of cancer).
  18. Use of tobacco, alcoholic drinks, caffeinated and decaffeinated drinks.
  19. Excessive exposure to chemicals, industrial fumes, hydrocarbons, cleaning solvents, vinyl chloride.
  20. Stress
  21. Exposure to cold, heat, and radiation.
  22. public drinking water in most large cities.
  23. Long contact with sick pets.
  24. Chronic irritation or infection.
  25. All viral illnesses (flu, colds, rashes, diarrhea).
  26. Early sexual activities – cervical and fore-skin cancer.
  27. A kidney transplant.
  28. History of any previous cancer.
  29. Nonspecific factors: age, race, sex, occupation, family history of. source of the above 1-29 factors
  30. Add acid PH in urine and saliva. Think sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) to take it to alkaline. 1/2 tsp 3 x daily. Try to stay at pH 8.0 or more.
  31. Colds and flu are some of the primary gateways into cancer due to the way they inhibit oxygen uptake.

Oxygen. Deadly enemy to cancer

Latest news about Warburg’s work

Inexpensive sources of medical grade oxygen costing pennies per day.

Cancer screening too often harmful or terribly missleading Popular Science PDF

Marijuana that helps contain or reverse cancer

Cancer and cannabinoids. #6

Skin Cancer and Colloidal Silver -My personal experience with a facial problem was good but I altertated wht a CBD from Spain. Silver Armor Dina Davis 770-843-4835

The term cancer comes from the Latin word meaning crab. Cancer was characterized as a crablike disease by the Greek physician Hippocrates, who observed that cancers spread throughout the body, eventually cutting off life.

Now cancer generally is defined as the unregulated growth of abnormal cells in the body. The word cancer actually refers to over 100 different diseases, but in all cases, certain body cells multiply in an uncontrolled manner.

Cancer is anaerobic. It can not survive with the presence of adequate oxygen. That is one good reason the heart never gets cancer. The heart needs oxygen and most heart attacks are in some way linked to low oxygen to the heart. Insufficient oxygen and you die and cancer or anything else is no longer an issue.

Aside from optimal breathing right to supply adequate oxygen there are many cofactors that help ensure/support the effectiveness of adequate oxygen in the human body.

From what I know, curing and prevention of cancer often requires several of those oxygen friendly factors along with other factors that create what is an holistic approach by strengthening several factors simultaneously such as breathing improvement, strengthening antioxidants, internal cleansing, parasite elimination, changing ones self defeating thoughts and attitudes.

Excessive survival responses including those exacerbated by UDB http://www.breathing.com/articles/udb.htm  and/or poor natural hygiene stimulate and/or overtax the sympathetic nervous system (and inhibit the parasympathetic nervous system) that both vaso-constricts blood vessels and turns the body toward toxemia and acidosis, allow anaerobic organisms to dominate.

One’s thoughts (hyper-vigilance for example and or negative thinking especially including Nocebo – for example – say believing in so called expert’s prognosis of imminent death from say cancer) exacerbated by poor natural hygiene and toxic overload create an environment that invites organisms unfriendly to the body.

Eventually  the body’s immune system, biochemical and spiritual/energetic homeostasis gets overwhelmed by chaos.  Any strong enough presence of any of the preceding negatives may invite cancer or whatever to set up housekeeping.

Over the years I have come in contact with many health professionals quite successful in handling cancer. While not necessarily focusing on breathing development per se they seem to have a very good history of success.

I believe they could greatly improve their results by adding our Optimal Breathing Kit into their already successful approaches but here they are anyway. Use the form at the bottom of this page to forward to those you care about.

My top 3 choices in order of cost and simplicity.

  1. Sentient Temple in St. Petersburg Florida. I have checked it out in person. A former oncologist turned alternative.  If I had cancer I would go there. Not expensive.  click here
  2. Gerson Therapy   Thousands of successes reported. Buy “Dying to have known”  Amazon.com for approx $10.00 or free as a Netflix documentary.  Gerson protocol link Add coffee enemas.  Heal yourself heal the world
  3. Dr. Larraine Day

The Oxygen Protocol for The Treatment of Cancer, Dr. Majid Ali

Moss Cancer report

Dr. Burzinski movie  EXTREMELY EXPENSIVE but in my opinion the man deserves 2 Nobel prizes.  1 for his cancer research and results. The second for surviving the 25+ year onslaught of the FDA and Big Pharma.  Watch part of it free  See also   Iwantanp.com

  • Wigmore Institute Puerto Rico
  • Ozone University   Ozone is one of the best cancer killers.
  • Ozone oriented physicians by state or country
  • Dr. Otto Warburg
  • Alternative Cancer Centers of California
  • Prostate Cancer Majid Ali
  • cancertutor.com
  • Majidalimd.com  Breast cancer video.
  • The Hoxey Clinic  Video
  • Raymond Francis, MIT trained biochemist
  • The Moss Report
  • Cancercenter.com
  • Coffee enemas
  • Acupuncture to offset dangers of chemo

Ozone information:

In a 1980 study done by the German Medical Society for Ozone Therapy, 644 therapists were polled regarding their 384,775 patients, comprising a total of 5,579,238 ozone treatments administered. There were only 40 cases of side effects noted out of this number which represents the incredibly low rate of .000007%, and only four fatalities, which were all attributed to operator error. Ozone has thus proven to be the safest medical therapy ever devised.”

http://www.ozoneuniversity.com  www.ozonehospital.com

http://www.oxygentherapyexperts.com  www.medicalozone.info

http://www.bloodozonation.com  http://www.youtube.com/user/ozoneresearch

An expert opinion about most cancers  “As one long-term survivor put it, “Returning to a state of health is not just about having treatment; it means dealing with the mental, emotional and the spiritual issues that tend to manifest physically. It means asking, ‘Am I on the path that I want to be on?’”

An expert opinion about most cancers  “As one long-term survivor put it, “Returning to a state of health is not just about having treatment; it means dealing with the mental, emotional and the spiritual issues that tend to manifest physically. It means asking, ‘Am I on the path that I want to be on?’”


NOTE from Mike: If you have poor breathing it may only add to and not cause cancer but Otto Warburg proved that cancer is anaerobic and will not survive in high concentrations of oxygen.

Breathing, oxygen and emotions. To have the best chance of success with any cancer program, make sure you develop your breathing.

Inexpensive sources of medical grade oxygen costing pennies per day..

More About Cancer

Cancer Overview – My educated guesses, opinions and facts.

Cancer screening too often harmful or terribly miss-leading Popular Science PDF

  1. Every person has cancer cells in the body. These cancer cells do not show up in the standard tests until they have multiplied to a few billion. When doctors tell cancer patients that there are no more cancer cells in their bodies after treatment, it just means the tests are unable to detect the cancer cells because they have not reached the detectable size.
  2. Cancer cells occur between 6 to more than 10 times in a person’s lifetime.
  3. When the person’s immune system is strong, the cancer cells will be destroyed and prevented from multiplying and forming tumors.
  4. When a person has cancer it indicates the person has multiple nutritional deficiencies. These could be due to genetic, environmental, food and lifestyle factors.
  5. To overcome the multiple nutritional deficiencies, changing diet and including supplements will strengthen the immune system.
  6. Chemotherapy involves poisoning the rapidly-growing cancer cells and also destroys rapidly-growing healthy cells in the bone marrow, gastro-intestinal tract etc, and can cause organ damage, like liver, kidneys, heart, lungs etc.
  7. Radiation while destroying cancer cells also burns, scars and damages healthy cells, tissues and organs.
  8. Initial treatment with chemotherapy and radiation will often reduce tumor size. However prolonged use of chemotherapy and radiation do not result in more tumor destruction.
  9. When the body has too much toxic burden from chemotherapy and radiation, the immune system is either compromised or destroyed, hence the person can succumb to various kinds of infections and complications.
  10. Chemotherapy and radiation can cause cancer cells to mutate and become resistant and difficult to destroy. Surgery can also cause cancer cells to spread to other sites.
  11. An effective way to battle cancer is to starve the cancer cells by not feeding it with the foods it needs to multiply.
  12. Marijuana/cannabis and lung and brain cancer

Cancer screening too often harmful or terribly miss-leading Popular Science PDF

Cancer Cells Feed On:

  • Sugar is a cancer-feeder. By cutting off sugar it cuts off one important food supply to the cancer cells. Sugar substitutes like NutraSweet, Equal, Spoonful, etc are made with Aspartame and it is harmful. A better natural substitute would be Manuka honey or molasses but only in very small amounts. Table salt has a chemical added to make it white in color. A better alternative is Bragg aminos or celtic or Hawaian sea salt.
  • Milk causes the body to produce mucus, especially in the gastro-intestinal tract. Cancer feeds on mucus. By cutting off milk and substituting with fresh made almond milk, the cancer cells are being starved.
  • Cancer cells thrive in an acid environment. A meat-based diet is acidic. It is best to eat fish, and a little chicken rather than beef or pork. Meat also contains livestock antibiotics, growth hormones and parasites, which are all harmful, especially to people with cancer.
  • A diet made of 80% fresh vegetables and juice, whole grains, seeds, nuts and a little fruit help put the body into an alkaline environment. About 20% can be from cooked food including beans. Fresh vegetable juices (enzymes are destroyed at temperatures above 104 degrees F (40 degrees C).) provide live enzymes that are easily absorbed and reach down to cellular levels within 15 minutes to nourish and enhance growth of healthy cells. To obtain live enzymes for building healthy cells try and drink fresh vegetable juice (most vegetables including bean sprouts) and eat some raw vegetables 2 or 3 times a day.  We use a Breville Juicer, make 2 gallons a week and preserve the juice in Mason Jars sealed with a food saver. See Gerson therapy below
  • Avoid coffee (except in enemas), tea, and chocolate, that have high caffeine. Green tea is a better alternative and has cancer-fighting properties. Water: best to drink purified, distilled, reverse osmosis or filtered, to avoid known toxins and heavy metals in tap water. Distilled water is slightly acidic; avoid it.
  • Meat protein is difficult to digest and requires a lot of digestive enzymes. Undigested meat remaining in the intestines become putrefied and leads to more toxic buildup.
  • Cancer cell walls have a tough protein covering. By refraining from or eating less meat it frees more enzymes to attack the protein walls of cancer cells and allows the body’s killer cells to destroy the cancer cells.
  • Some supplements build up the immune system (IP6, Florssence, Essiac, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, EFAs etc.) to enable the body’s own killer cells to destroy cancer cells. Other supplements like vitamin E are known to cause apoptosis, or programmed cell death, the body’s normal method of disposing of damaged, unwanted, or unneeded cells.
  • Cancer is a disease of the mind, body, and spirit. A proactive and positive spirit will help the cancer warrior be a survivor. Anger, un-forgiveness, indifference masking resentment) and bitterness put the body into a stressful and acidic environment. Learn to have a loving and forgiving spirit. Learn to relax and enjoy life.
  • Cancer cells cannot thrive in an oxygenated environment. Exercising daily, and deep breathing help to get more oxygen down to the cellular level. Oxygen therapy is another means employed to destroy cancer cells.


  1. No plastic containers in micro.
  2. No water bottles in freezer.
  3. No plastic wrap in microwave.

Johns Hopkins has recently sent this out in its newsletters.

This information is being circulated at Walter Reed Army Medical Center as well. Dioxin chemicals cause cancer, especially breast cancer. Dioxins are highly poisonous to the cells of our bodies. Don’t freeze your plastic bottles with water in them as this releases dioxins from the plastic.

Recently, Dr. Edward Fujimoto, Wellness Program Manager at Castle Hospital, was on a TV program to explain this health hazard. He talked about dioxins and how bad they are for us. He said that we should not be heating our food in the microwave using plastic containers. This especially applies to foods that contain fat. He said that the combination of fat, high heat, and plastics releases dioxin into the food and ultimately into the cells of the body.

Instead, he recommends using glass, such as Corning Ware, Pyrex or ceramic containers for heating food. You get the same results, only without the dioxin. So such things as TV dinners, instant ramen and soups, etc., should be removed from the container and heated in something else. Paper isn’t bad but you don’t know what is in the paper.

It’s just safer to use tempered glass, Corning Ware, etc. He reminded us that a while ago some of the fast food restaurants moved away from the foam containers to paper. The dioxin problem is one of the reasons.

Also, he pointed out that plastic wrap, such as Saran, is just as dangerous when placed over foods to be cooked in the microwave. As the food is nuked, the high heat causes poisonous toxins to actually melt out of the plastic wrap and drip into the food. Cover food with a paper towel instead.

Cancer, oxygen (think breathing) and Otto Warburg Science Daily.

A 35% decrease in cellular oxygen levels will induce cancer. Otto Warburg. The message here is INCREASE  OXYGEN

Ozone (O3) oriented physicians by state or country

To have the best chance of success with any cancer program, make sure you develop your breathing.

Inexpensive sources of medical grade oxygen costing pennies per day.

Genetically Modified ‘Serial Killer’ T-Cells Obliterate Tumors in Leukemia Patients

In a cancer treatment breakthrough 20 years in the making, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania’s Abramson Cancer Center and Perelman School of Medicine have shown sustained remissions of up to a year among a small group of advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients treated with genetically engineered versions of their own T cells.

The protocol, which involves removing patients’ cells and modifying them in Penn’s vaccine production facility, then infusing the new cells back into the patient’s body following chemotherapy, provides a tumor-attack roadmap for the treatment of other cancers including those of the lung and ovaries and myeloma and melanoma.

The findings, published simultaneously in the New England Journal of Medicine and Science Translational Medicine on August 10, are the first demonstration of the use of gene transfer therapy to create “serial killer” T cells aimed at cancerous tumors.

“Within three weeks, the tumors had been blown away, in a way that was much more violent than we ever expected,” said senior author Carl June, MD, director of Translational Research and a professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine in the Abramson Cancer Center, who led the work. “It worked much better than we thought it would.

” The results of the pilot trial of three patients are a stark contrast to existing therapies for CLL. The patients involved in the new study had few other treatment options. The only potential curative therapy (From Mike.

He is obviously ignorant of Gerson and Day’s approaches noted below) would have involved a bone marrow transplant, a procedure which requires a lengthy hospitalization and carries at least a 20 percent mortality risk — and even then offers only about a 50 percent chance of a cure, at best.

After removing the patients’ cells, the team reprogrammed them to attack tumor cells by genetically modifying them using a lentivirus vector. The vector encodes an antibody-like protein, called a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR), which is expressed on the surface of the T cells and designed to bind to a protein called CD19.

Once the T cells start expressing the CAR, they focus all of their killing activity on cells that express CD19, which includes CLL tumor cells and normal B cells. All of the other cells in the patient that do not express CD19 are ignored by the modified T cells, which limits side effects typically experienced during standard therapies.

The team engineered a signaling molecule into the part of the CAR that resides inside the cell. When it binds to CD19, initiating the cancer-cell death, it also tells the cell to produce cytokines that trigger other T cells to multiply — building a bigger and bigger army until all the target cells in the tumor are destroyed.

“We saw at least a 1000-fold increase in the number of modified T cells in each of the patients. Drugs don’t do that,” June says. “In addition to an extensive capacity for self-replication, the infused T cells are serial killers. On average, each infused T cell led to the killing of thousands of tumor cells — and overall, destroyed at least two pounds of tumor in each patient.

” The importance of the T cell self-replication is illustrated in the New England Journal of Medicine paper, which describes the response of one patient, a 64-year old man. Prior to his T cell treatment, his blood and marrow were replete with tumor cells. For the first two weeks after treatment, nothing seemed to change.

Then on day 14, the patient began experiencing chills, nausea, and increasing fever, among other symptoms. Tests during that time showed an enormous increase in the number of T cells in his blood that led to a tumor lysis syndrome, which occurs when a large number of cancer cells die all at once.

By day 28, the patient had recovered from the tumor lysis syndrome — and his blood and marrow showed no evidence of leukemia. “This massive killing of tumor is a direct proof of principle of the concept,” Porter says.

Moving forward, the team plans to test the same CD19 CAR construct in patients with other types of CD19-positive tumors, including non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and acute lymphocytic leukemia. They also plan to study the approach in pediatric leukemia patients who have failed standard therapy.

Additionally, the team has engineered a CAR vector that binds to mesothelin, a protein expressed on the surface of mesothelioma cancer cells, as well as on ovarian and pancreatic cancer cells.

Summary from Science Daily (Aug. 10, 2011)

Documentaries about eating your way to health

Valerie Warwick can be contacted via www.mywellnesstutor.com

Curaderm cream made from eggplant for basal cell and sqamous cell carcinoma www.curaderm.net

Tests your cancer against 98 drugs and 45 natural compounds to see what it will respond to. Also tests 72 tumor-related genes.

Complete list of all substances tested by ONCOSTAT PLUS test:

ONCOblot Blood Test for early detection
This test will detect a cancer of 2 million cells compared to 4.5 trillion cells for a positive mammogram.

Protocol for High Dose IV Vitamin C
PDFRiordan Clinic Research Institute

How to make your own liposomal vitamin C

Protocol for High Dose Oral Vitamin C

Ozone Therapy
The water ozonater I use can be purchased here
EWOT Exercise with Oxygen Therapy

Medical Cannabis

Documentary on Cannabis Research Studies
PDFList of cannabis research findings

GcMAF is a vitamin D binding protein that activates macrophages, which are immune cells that recognize, engulf, and destroy foreign matter and produce effector molecules. Cancer cells produce an enzyme called nagalase, which attempts to reduce macrophage activation.

GcMAF reduces nagalase and restores the integrity of the immune system allowing it to effectively eliminate cancer and restore homeostatic balance.



Benzodiazepines Increase Mortality in Persons with Alzheimer’s Disease

Benzodiazepines Increase Mortality in Persons with Alzheimer’s Disease

Summary: Researchers report an elevated risk of death in Alzheimer’s patients who use benzodiazapines.

Source: University of Eastern Finland.

Benzodiazepine and related drug use is associated with a 40 per cent increase in mortality among persons with Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. The findings were published in the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

The study found that the risk of death was increased right from the initiation of benzodiazepine and related drug use. The increased risk of death may result from the adverse events of these drugs, including fall-related injuries, such as hip fractures, as well as pneumonia and stroke.

The study was based on the register-based MEDALZ (Medication Use and Alzheimer’s Disease) cohort, which includes all persons diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease in Finland during 2005-2011. Persons who had used benzodiazepines and related drugs previously were excluded from this study, and therefore, the study population consisted of 10,380 new users of these drugs. They were compared with 20,760 persons who did not use these drugs.

Although several treatment guidelines state that non-pharmacological options are the first-line treatment of anxiety, agitation and insomnia in persons with dementia, benzodiazepines and related drugs are frequently used in the treatment of these symptoms. If benzodiazepine and related drug use is necessary, these drugs are recommended for short-term use only. These new results encourage more consideration for benzodiazepine and related drug use in persons with dementia.

Image shows how alzheimer's affects the brain.


Source: Laura Saarelainen – University of Eastern Finland
Publisher: Organized by NeuroscienceNews.com.
Image Source: NeuroscienceNews.com image is credited to Singer et al., JNeurosci (2017).
Original Research: Abstract for “Risk of death associated with new benzodiazepine use among persons with Alzheimer disease: A matched cohort study” by Laura Saarelainen, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Marjaana Koponen, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen, and Heidi Taipale in International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. Published online November 15 2017 doi:10.1002/gps.4821

University of Eastern Finland “Benzodiazepines Increase Mortality in Persons with Alzheimer’s Disease.” NeuroscienceNews. NeuroscienceNews, 20 November 2017.


Risk of death associated with new benzodiazepine use among persons with Alzheimer disease: A matched cohort study


To investigate the risk of death associated with new benzodiazepine and related drug (BZDR) use in a nationwide cohort of persons with Alzheimer disease (AD).


The register-based MEDALZ cohort, including all community-dwelling Finns diagnosed with AD during 2005 to 2011 (n = 70 718), was used. Clinically verified AD diagnoses were obtained from the Special Reimbursement Register. Drug use periods were modeled from BZDR purchases, derived from the Prescription Register. To study new users, persons who had any BZDR use during the year preceding the AD diagnosis were excluded.

For each person initiating BZDR use (n = 10 380), 2 nonusers (n = 20 760) were matched on age, gender, and time since AD diagnosis. The outcome was 180-day mortality, and BZDR use was compared with nonuse with Cox regression. Multivariable analyses were adjusted for Charlson comorbidity index, socioeconomic position, hip fractures, psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, stroke, and other psychotropic drug use.


During the follow-up, 5 excess deaths per 100 person-years occurred during BZDR use in comparison to nonuse, and mortality rates were 13.4 (95% confidence interval [CI], 12.2-14.5) and 8.5 (95% CI, 7.9-9.1), respectively. Benzodiazepine and related drug use was associated with an increased risk of death (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.4 [95% CI, 1.2-1.6]), and the association was significant from the initiation of use. Benzodiazepine use was associated with an increased risk of death, whereas benzodiazepine-related drug use was not.


Benzodiazepine and related drug use was associated with an increased risk of death in persons with AD. Our results support treatment guidelines stating that nonpharmacological approaches should be the first-line option for symptomatic treatment of AD.

“Risk of death associated with new benzodiazepine use among persons with Alzheimer disease: A matched cohort study” by Laura Saarelainen, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Marjaana Koponen, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen, and Heidi Taipale in International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. Published online November 15 2017 doi:10.1002/gps.4821

Substance Use Disorder


  • In 2014, approximately 20.2 million adults aged 18 or older had a past year substance use disorder (SUD). Of these adults, 16.3 million had an alcohol use disorder and 6.2 million had an illicit drug use disorder.
  • An estimated 2.3 million adults had both an alcohol use disorder and an illicit drug use disorder in the past year. Of the adults with a past year SUD, 4 out of 5 had an alcohol use disorder, nearly 3 out of 10 had an illicit drug use disorder, and 1 out of 9 had both an alcohol use disorder and an illicit drug use disorder.
  • The percentage of adults with a past year SUD in 2014 was similar to the percentages in 2010 to 2013 but was lower than the percentages in 2002 to 2009. This same pattern was seen in trends of adults with both an alcohol use disorder and an illicit drug use disorder.
  • In 2014, 2.5 million adults aged 18 or older received treatment for alcohol or illicit drug use at a specialty facility in the past year. This translates to 1.0 percent of the total adult population, or 7.5 percent of adults with a past year SUD, receiving substance use treatment in the past year.

Diet for the elderly

A personalised nutrition approach
Micronutrients such as zinc, copper and selenium play a pivotal role in a range of physiological functions and maintain immune and antioxidant systems (Eugenio Mocchegiani et al.). The complex interactions between micronutrients and genes could help in understanding how best to use nutrients as supplements in clinical practice. Further genetic and nutritional studies are required to clearly define the impact of these micronutrients.
Targeting the human gut microbiome (Sebastiano Collino et al.) is an emerging field of personalised nutrition. This approach could help to identify key molecular mechanisms affected by diet and inflammaging, and lead to basic profiles of health and diagnostic tools to address conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease.
Three papers cover the interaction between diet and the gut microbiota (Candela et al.), the effect of an elderly tailored diet on cognitive decline and brain and gut connections, including the liver and pancreas (Caracciolo et al.). Nutritional interventions such as low calorie intake with nutrient supplementation can impact an individual’s cell epigenetic profile e.g. DNA methylation, microRNA and organs (Bacalini et al.). Better knowledge of gene interactions with nutrients and the environment may lead to earlier interventions of malnutrition in people (Yves Boirie et al.). And more genomic information may identify impacts of general health recommendation policies in at-risk, elderly sub-populations.
The effect of diet on immunosenescence, which is the functional decline of the immune system (Maijo´ et al.), and changes that happen in ageing fat tissue (Zamboni et al.) are both assumed to be major sources of inflammation. Nutritional interventions have shown some promising results in targeting some impairments of an ageing immune system; combining interventions with a whole diet approach could be more beneficial.
It is commonly known that physical exercise can benefit health and age-related decline. In one study (van de Rest et al.), resistance-type exercises, using a number of body techniques and workout machines, with and without protein supplementation, was undertaken to see the effect on cognitive functions in frail and pre-frail elderly people. After 24 weeks of training a beneficial improvement was noted in participants’ information processing speed, attention and working memory.

food pyramid

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