Group fitness instructors needed in the bay area

Focus: Prevent falls, prevent chronic health , stimulate dopamine, and strengthen body for daily living functions and activities

Modalities: relaxation strategies, Tai Chi, massage, music, dance, range of motion movements, strategies for Parkinson and Alzheimers prevention and more

Teacher must be patient and open to holistic relaxation exercises for older adults. Immediate placement in various bay area facilities. Stanford train the trainer classes starts  every Saturdays.

Training Guide available for international train the trainer sessions. Email motherhealth@gmail.com or text 408-854-1883

card mother

Balance your Serotonin, Dopamine and Endorphins with Happy foods

dopa ser.JPGPain and itch are influenced by two chemicals , Serotonin and Dopamine. Eat the following whole foods to balance Serotonin, Dopamine and Endorphins and do get a hug too.  Hugging can increase the production of dopamine in your brain.  Endorphins are endogenous opioid neuropeptides and peptide hormones in humans and other animals. They are produced by the central nervous system and the pituitary gland.  Scratching an itch causes minor pain, which prompts the brain to release serotonin. But serotonin also reacts with receptors on neurons that carry itch signals to the brain, making itching worse.  It has been observed that the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine stimulates this brain center to feel pleasure in “peak experiences,” such as from solving a difficult problem.

Raw pumpkin seeds
Spirulina
Raw spinach
Sesame seeds
Raw almonds
Bananas
Raw dried dates
Oats
Watercress
Sunflower seeds
Horseradish
Pumpkin leaves
Turnip greens
Cacao
Buckwheat
Millet

All of the above are geared toward a vegan diet and they all offer the perfect balance to help enhance your mood through the natural production of serotonin.

Non-vegans may add:

Mussels
Lobsters
Eggs
Cottage cheese
Turkey

aym pumpkin 4aym pumpkin 3aym pumpkin 2aym pumpkin

 

Brain, opinions, flight, fight, pain, stress, dopamine and aging

people

HAVING AN AUDIENCE MAY HELP YOU PERFORM BETTER

According to researchers, when people are aware they are being observed, brain areas associated with social awareness and reward activate a part of the brain that affects motor control, helping them to perform better at skilled tasks. READ MORE…
dna

VARIANTS IN NON-CODING DNA CONTRIBUTE TO INHERITED AUTISM RISK

Researchers report newly identified risk factors differ from currently known genetic causes of autism. The variants identified do not alter the genes directly, but disrupt the neighboring DNA control elements that turn genes on or off. Additionally, the variants do not occur as new mutations in autistic children, but are inherited from parents. READ MORE…
face

ALGORITHM WORKS TO SILENCE ONLINE CHATROOM SEX PREDATORS

A new computer algorithm may help to identify sexual predators who target children in chatrooms. The algorithm, dubbed CATT, can identify language differences and self-disclosure in conversations to provide a risk assessment of potential predators, researchers report. READ MORE…

Physical inactivity, dopamine, lactate , glucose and aging

aging exerAfter 96 years of age, he has crying spells in the afternoon or early evening hours when our brain hormones are slowing down to ready for sleep.  With less exercise and more time sitting down watching TV and eating every 2 hours, he forgets to remember things as his brain and muscles are not working as it should when he was young.  Whenever I see him, I give him a hug and trains other caregivers to hug him more. He perks up and can do more walking.

Hugging can increase the production of dopamine in your brain, and this can be seen in PET scans of the brain. Dopamine levels are low in people with conditions like Parkinsonism and mood disorders like Depression.

So if you see someone depressed, give him a hug, and bring a little joy to their life.
Dopamine levels are low to those with Alzheimer and Parkinson’s diseases.
Dopamine containing neurons control  voluntary movements. The association with a physiologically reduced glutamate release from frontal and prefrontal cortices, hippocampi and amygdala would induce further decrease of Dopamine release, inducing hypo-activity, gait disturbances and decline of executive functions.

The earlier the impairment of Dopamine system occurs, the fastest the cognitive decline goes.

Hormones and nuerotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine are responsible for our emotions and affects our memory and muscles causing Alzheimer and Parkinson’s disease.
In the brain, dopamine functions as a neurotransmitter—a chemical released by neurons (nerve cells) to send signals to other nerve cells. The brain includes several distinct dopamine pathways, one of which plays a major role in the motivational component of reward-motivated behavior.
Epinephrine, also called adrenaline, hormone that is secreted mainly by the medulla of the adrenal glands and that functions primarily to increase cardiac output and to raise glucose levels in the blood.
Norepinephrine, also called noradrenaline, substance that is released predominantly from the ends of sympathetic nerve fibers and that acts to increase the force of skeletal muscle contraction and the rate and force of contraction of the heart.

Supplements and Nutrition

Eat happy foods: eggs, colorful whole foods and yams and whole foods/dietary supplements rich in the following nutrients:
Folate, Vitamin B complex, SAM-E,omega 3, digestive enzymes, probiotic, Vitamin C, copper, iron from greens, NAC
Suggested exercises should include walking, dancing , stretching, yoga, meditation, and other body movement.
Remember all the above information assumes that you have a healthy liver. Take care of the laboratory organ of your body, the liver which processes all chemicals, drugs, alcohol and nutrition in your body.
During sleep, your brain is helping the liver detox your body. The lymphatic system which travels opposite your circulatory system is responsible for cleaning your blood.

Lactate and brain

Lactate is considered an important metabolite in the human body, but there has been considerable debate about its roles in brain function. Research in recent years has suggested that lactate from astrocytes may be crucial for supporting axonal function, especially during times of high metabolic demands or hypoglycemia. The astrocyte-neuron lactate transfer shuttle system serves a protective function to ensure a supply of substrates for brain metabolism, and oligodendrocytes appear to also influence availability of lactate. There is increasing evidence for lactate acting as a signaling molecule in the brain to link metabolism, substrate availability, blood flow and neuronal activity.
The brain produces its own lactate from the metabolism of glycogen and tends to export lactate at rest []. Lactate is brought into the brain across the BBB to be used as fuel when plasma lactate is high or plasma glucose is low [].

Learn a new dance, movement , language to grow new brain cells

Surround yourself with people who will let you get the optimum potential that your brain can do to be successful in your own terms. You control your destiny, what your career will be , your finances and happiness.

Find an inspiration. I want to be a doctor before I reached the age of 80. I will use the internet for free skills and knowledge while I save for the time to be full time student as Nurse Practitioner first.

Every time we learn a new dance, movement , language or reach new accomplishments and solve new challenges, our brain cells grow.

So, grow your brain cells and be in control. Do not use the excuse that someone introduced you to a path that later on is a failure. Use that failure to get up and do a meaningful project you own and be proud of. I believe in the human potential and the power of the mind to control the brain to move and do some learning.

Connie

motor neurons

HUMAN SKIN CELLS TRANSFORMED INTO MOTOR NEURONS

WUSTL researchers have converted skin cells into motor neurons without going through the stem cell state. The new technique could help in the development of devastating neurodegenerative diseases, like ALS, that affect motor neurons. READ MORE…
Image shows a neuron.

ROBOTIC SYSTEM MONITORS SPECIFIC NEURONS

Researchers have developed a robotic system that allows them to focus in on specific neurons in the brain. The technology could help answer questions such as how neurons interact with each other as we recall a memory. READ MORE…

Our brain uses prior knowledge – link between Hallucinations and Dopamine

Link Between Hallucinations and Dopamine Not Such a Mystery

Summary: Researchers report elevated dopamine levels may make those with schizophrenia rely more on expectations, which results in them experiencing auditory hallucinations.

Source: Columbia University Medical Center.

Researchers at Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC) and New York State Psychiatric Institute (NYSPI) found that people with schizophrenia who experience auditory hallucinations tend to hear what they expect, an exaggerated version of a perceptual distortion that is common among other people without hallucinations. Those with hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms are known to have elevated dopamine, the main area of focus for available treatments for psychosis, but it was unclear how this could lead to hallucinations. The researchers found that elevated dopamine could make some patients rely more on expectations, which could then result in hallucinations.

The findings, published recently in Current Biology, explain why treatments targeting the production of dopamine could help alleviate this condition.

“Our brain uses prior experiences to generate sensory expectations that help fill in the gaps when sounds or images are distorted or unclear,” said Guillermo Horga, MD, PhD, assistant professor of clinical psychiatry at CUIMC and a research psychiatrist at NYSPI. “In individuals with schizophrenia, this process appears to be altered, leading to extreme perceptual distortions, such as hearing voices that are not there. Furthermore, while such hallucinations are often successfully treated by antipsychotic drugs that block the neurotransmitter dopamine in a brain structure known as the striatum, the reason for this has been a mystery since this neurotransmitter and brain region are not typically associated with sensory processing.”

dopamine

The researchers designed an experiment that induces an auditory illusion in both healthy participants and participants with schizophrenia. They examined how building up or breaking down sensory expectations can modify the strength of this illusion. They also measured dopamine release before and after administering a drug that stimulates the release of dopamine.

Patients with hallucinations tended to perceive sounds in a way that was more similar to what they had been cued to expect, even when sensory expectations were less reliable and illusions weakened in healthy participants. This tendency to inflexibly hear what was expected was worsened after giving a dopamine-releasing drug, and more pronounced in participants with elevated dopamine release, and more apparent in participants with a smaller dorsal anterior cingulate (a brain region previously shown to track reliability of environmental cues).

“All people have some perceptual distortions, but these results suggest that excess dopamine can exacerbate our distorted perceptions,” said Dr. Horga. “Novel therapies should aim to improve the processing of contextual information by targeting the dopamine system or downstream pathways associated with modulation of perceptual processing, which likely include the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex.”

ABOUT THIS NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH ARTICLE

Funding: Funding for this study was provided by grants K23-MH101637 (PI: Horga), P50-MH086404 (PI: Abi-Dargham), R21-MH099509 (PI: Abi-Dargham), and R01MH068073 (PI: Balsam) from the National Institute of Mental Health. Dr. Cassidy was supported by a post-doctoral fellowship from the Fonds de Recherche du Québec, Santé. Dr. Horga was additionally supported by a grant from the Sidney R. Baer Jr. Foundation. The authors declare no competing financial interests.

The other contributors from CUIMC and NYSPI are Clifford M. Cassidy, PhD, Peter D Balsam, PhD, Jodi J. Weinstein, MD, Rachel J. Rosengard, BA, and Anissa Abi-Dargham, MD.

Source: Eian Kantor – Columbia University Medical Center
Publisher: Organized by NeuroscienceNews.com.
Image Source: NeuroscienceNews.com image is in the public domain.
Original Research: Open access research in Current Biology.
doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.12.059

CITE THIS NEUROSCIENCENEWS.COM ARTICLE
Columbia University Medical Center “Link Between Hallucinations and Dopamine Not Such a Mystery.” NeuroscienceNews. NeuroscienceNews, 16 February 2018.
<Play it Again: People Find Comfort Listening to the Same Songs Over and Over>.

Abstract

A Perceptual Inference Mechanism for Hallucinations Linked to Striatal Dopamine

Highlights
•Auditory hallucinations are linked to a perceptual bias toward uncertain expectations
•Elevated striatal dopamine function relates to the same pattern of perceptual bias
•Volume of dorsal anterior cingulate relates to the same pattern of perceptual bias

Summary
Hallucinations, a cardinal feature of psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, are known to depend on excessive striatal dopamine. However, an underlying cognitive mechanism linking dopamine dysregulation and the experience of hallucinatory percepts remains elusive. Bayesian models explain perception as an optimal combination of prior expectations and new sensory evidence, where perceptual distortions such as illusions and hallucinations may occur if prior expectations are afforded excessive weight. Such excessive weight of prior expectations, in turn, could stem from a gain-control process controlled by neuromodulators such as dopamine. To test for such a dopamine-dependent gain-control mechanism of hallucinations, we studied unmedicated patients with schizophrenia with varying degrees of hallucination severity and healthy individuals using molecular imaging with a pharmacological manipulation of dopamine, structural imaging, and a novel task designed to measure illusory changes in the perceived duration of auditory stimuli under different levels of uncertainty. Hallucinations correlated with a perceptual bias, reflecting disproportional gain on expectations under uncertainty. This bias could be pharmacologically induced by amphetamine, strongly correlated with striatal dopamine release, and related to cortical volume of the dorsal anterior cingulate, a brain region involved in tracking environmental uncertainty. These findings outline a novel dopamine-dependent mechanism for perceptual modulation in physiological conditions and further suggest that this mechanism may confer vulnerability to hallucinations in hyper-dopaminergic states underlying psychosis.