No treatment exists for nCoV virus. Treatments to ease symptoms, fight complications. The disease caused by 2019-nCoV has been temporarily designated “2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease” by the WHO. 
Nov 16, 2017 · More than 350 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis B virus, which kills more than a million people each year due to acute and chronic hepatitis, and liver cancer. The hepatitis B virus, which attacks the liver, is spread through infected blood transfusions, needle sharing by intravenous drug abusers and sexual contact.
[needs update] People will be given flyers and questionnaires to be informed about the 2019-nCoV. The possibility of the virus arriving in the territory remains low, specialists believe. Special access lines for passengers coming from China and Chinese passengers were made on the international airports.
Over the years, I have experienced family and friends dying of cancer. I observed their lifestyle and toxins they are exposed to. So to answer my friend’s question on how to detox and the mechanism of cleaning our body or getting rid of toxins, I listed some items for Dos and Donts.
Our lymphatic system which travels opposite our blood is responsible for cleaning our blood. Search for lymphatic, massage and detox in this site http://www.clubalthea.com
When we clean the many bad foods or toxins that entered our body, we must clean our liver first, our laboratory. It is closely linked to our heart that during our last breath, our liver is the first and last signal that our heart gets to shut down.
Detox or cleaning our cells from toxins is the key to living longer, the anti-aging process we all are seeking for. In my 50s, I could have died long time ago if I was born centuries ago with no clean water, fresh produce and raising a dozen children. Each child is minus 5 years of a woman’s age.
Detox is like cleaning the toilet. The following are detox tips and anti-aging tips to clean your cells:
Dos in cleansing your body from toxin, also detoxes your liver
Baking soda (pinch in your drinking water)
Digestive enzymes from pineapple and papaya
Apple cider vinegar
Wash produce with salt or diluted vinegar
No over ripe fruits and left over foods or 3-day old rice ( aflatoxin , mycotoxin )
No charred BBQ
Whole foods ; sulfur rich as they are anti-inflammatory (ginger, garlic, turmeric, coconut, walnuts)
Deep breathing thru nose and blow out thru mouth
Prayer: May God’s light energy be with you and say Amen to accept it.
Resveratrol from Berries, kiwi, citrus fruit
Donts are ways that when practiced or consumed can kills our nerve cells and produce toxins in our cells.
Avoidance of too much caffeine, iron and sugar, these are food for cancer
Other metal toxins
Plastics in food
Shift work: not sleeping from 10pm to 4 am
Over medications, chemo, other carcinogens
Avoid exposure to fumes, chemicals (formaldehydes,carcinogens,toxins)
And what is your recipe for liver detox and the mechanism by which it works to accomplish that?
From: Male friend in his late 50s whose brother died of pancreatic cancer
Metabolism (from Greek: μεταβολήmetabolē, “change”) is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living organisms. The three main purposes of metabolism are the conversion of food/fuel to energy to run cellular processes, the conversion of food/fuel to building blocks for proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and some carbohydrates, and the elimination of nitrogenous wastes. These enzyme-catalyzed reactions allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures, and respond to their environments. The word metabolism can also refer to the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in living organisms, including digestion and the transport of substances into and between different cells, in which case the set of reactions within the cells is called intermediary metabolism or intermediate metabolism.
Metabolism is usually divided into two categories: catabolism, the breaking down of organic matter for example, the breaking down of glucose to pyruvate, by cellular respiration, and anabolism, the building up of components of cells such as proteins and nucleic acids. Usually, breaking down releases energy and building up consumes energy.
The chemical reactions of metabolism are organized into metabolic pathways, in which one chemical is transformed through a series of steps into another chemical, by a sequence of enzymes. Enzymes are crucial to metabolism because they allow organisms to drive desirable reactions that require energy that will not occur by themselves, by coupling them to spontaneous reactions that release energy. Enzymes act as catalysts that allow the reactions to proceed more rapidly. Enzymes also allow the regulation of metabolic pathways in response to changes in the cell’s environment or to signals from other cells.
The metabolic system of a particular organism determines which substances it will find nutritious and which poisonous. For example, some prokaryotes use hydrogen sulfide as a nutrient, yet this gas is poisonous to animals. The speed of metabolism, the metabolic rate, influences how much food an organism will require, and also affects how it is able to obtain that food.
This is a diagram depicting a large set of human metabolic pathways.
Most of the structures that make up animals, plants and microbes are made from three basic classes of molecule: amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids (often called fats). As these molecules are vital for life, metabolic reactions either focus on making these molecules during the construction of cells and tissues, or by breaking them down and using them as a source of energy, by their digestion. These biochemicals can be joined together to make polymers such as DNA and proteins, essential macromolecules of life.
Metabolism involves a vast array of chemical reactions, but most fall under a few basic types of reactions that involve the transfer of functional groups of atoms and their bonds within molecules. This common chemistry allows cells to use a small set of metabolic intermediates to carry chemical groups between different reactions.These group-transfer intermediates are called coenzymes. Each class of group-transfer reactions is carried out by a particular coenzyme, which is the substrate for a set of enzymes that produce it, and a set of enzymes that consume it. These coenzymes are therefore continuously made, consumed and then recycled.
One central coenzyme is adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the universal energy currency of cells. This nucleotide is used to transfer chemical energy between different chemical reactions. There is only a small amount of ATP in cells, but as it is continuously regenerated, the human body can use about its own weight in ATP per day. ATP acts as a bridge between catabolism and anabolism. Catabolism breaks down molecules, and anabolism puts them together. Catabolic reactions generate ATP, and anabolic reactions consume it. It also serves as a carrier of phosphate groups in phosphorylation reactions.
A vitamin is an organic compound needed in small quantities that cannot be made in cells. In human nutrition, most vitamins function as coenzymes after modification; for example, all water-soluble vitamins are phosphorylated or are coupled to nucleotides when they are used in cells.Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), a derivative of vitamin B3 (niacin), is an important coenzyme that acts as a hydrogen acceptor. Hundreds of separate types of dehydrogenases remove electrons from their substrates and reduce NAD+ into NADH. This reduced form of the coenzyme is then a substrate for any of the reductases in the cell that need to reduce their substrates. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide exists in two related forms in the cell, NADH and NADPH. The NAD+/NADH form is more important in catabolic reactions, while NADP+/NADPH is used in anabolic reactions.
Structure of hemoglobin. The protein subunits are in red and blue, and the iron-containing heme groups in green. From PDB: 1GZX.
Transition metals are usually present as trace elements in organisms, with zinc and iron being most abundant of those. These metals are used in some proteins as cofactors and are essential for the activity of enzymes such as catalase and oxygen-carrier proteins such as hemoglobin. Metal cofactors are bound tightly to specific sites in proteins; although enzyme cofactors can be modified during catalysis, they always return to their original state by the end of the reaction catalyzed. Metal micronutrients are taken up into organisms by specific transporters and bind to storage proteins such as ferritin or metallothionein when not in use.
Catabolism is the set of metabolic processes that break down large molecules. These include breaking down and oxidizing food molecules. The purpose of the catabolic reactions is to provide the energy and components needed by anabolic reactions which build molecules. The exact nature of these catabolic reactions differ from organism to organism, and organisms can be classified based on their sources of energy and carbon (their primary nutritional groups), as shown in the table below. Organic molecules are used as a source of energy by organotrophs, while lithotrophs use inorganic substrates, and phototrophs capture sunlight as chemical energy. However, all these different forms of metabolism depend on redox reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from reduced donor molecules such as organic molecules, water, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide or ferrous ions to acceptor molecules such as oxygen, nitrate or sulfate. In animals, these reactions involve complex organic molecules that are broken down to simpler molecules, such as carbon dioxide and water. In photosynthetic organisms, such as plants and cyanobacteria, these electron-transfer reactions do not release energy but are used as a way of storing energy absorbed from sunlight.
Classification of organisms based on their metabolism
The most common set of catabolic reactions in animals can be separated into three main stages. In the first stage, large organic molecules, such as proteins, polysaccharides or lipids, are digested into their smaller components outside cells. Next, these smaller molecules are taken up by cells and converted to smaller molecules, usually acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), which releases some energy. Finally, the acetyl group on the CoA is oxidised to water and carbon dioxide in the citric acid cycle and electron transport chain, releasing the energy that is stored by reducing the coenzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) into NADH.
Macromolecules such as starch, cellulose or proteins cannot be rapidly taken up by cells and must be broken into their smaller units before they can be used in cell metabolism. Several common classes of enzymes digest these polymers. These digestive enzymes include proteases that digest proteins into amino acids, as well as glycoside hydrolases that digest polysaccharides into simple sugars known as monosaccharides.
Microbes simply secrete digestive enzymes into their surroundings, while animals only secrete these enzymes from specialized cells in their guts. The amino acids or sugars released by these extracellular enzymes are then pumped into cells by active transport proteins.
Carbohydrate catabolism is the breakdown of carbohydrates into smaller units. Carbohydrates are usually taken into cells once they have been digested into monosaccharides. Once inside, the major route of breakdown is glycolysis, where sugars such as glucose and fructose are converted into pyruvate and some ATP is generated. Pyruvate is an intermediate in several metabolic pathways, but the majority is converted to acetyl-CoA through aerobic (with oxygen) glycolysis and fed into the citric acid cycle. Although some more ATP is generated in the citric acid cycle, the most important product is NADH, which is made from NAD+ as the acetyl-CoA is oxidized. This oxidation releases carbon dioxide as a waste product. In anaerobic conditions, glycolysis produces lactate, through the enzyme lactate dehydrogenase re-oxidizing NADH to NAD+ for re-use in glycolysis. An alternative route for glucose breakdown is the pentose phosphate pathway, which reduces the coenzyme NADPH and produces pentose sugars such as ribose, the sugar component of nucleic acids.
Fats are catabolised by hydrolysis to free fatty acids and glycerol. The glycerol enters glycolysis and the fatty acids are broken down by beta oxidation to release acetyl-CoA, which then is fed into the citric acid cycle. Fatty acids release more energy upon oxidation than carbohydrates because carbohydrates contain more oxygen in their structures. Steroids are also broken down by some bacteria in a process similar to beta oxidation, and this breakdown process involves the release of significant amounts of acetyl-CoA, propionyl-CoA, and pyruvate, which can all be used by the cell for energy. M. tuberculosis can also grow on the lipid cholesterol as a sole source of carbon, and genes involved in the cholesterol use pathway(s) have been validated as important during various stages of the infection lifecycle of M. tuberculosis.
In oxidative phosphorylation, the electrons removed from organic molecules in areas such as the protagon acid cycle are transferred to oxygen and the energy released is used to make ATP. This is done in eukaryotes by a series of proteins in the membranes of mitochondria called the electron transport chain. In prokaryotes, these proteins are found in the cell’s inner membrane. These proteins use the energy released from passing electrons from reduced molecules like NADH onto oxygen to pump protons across a membrane.
Mechanism of ATP synthase. ATP is shown in red, ADP and phosphate in pink and the rotating stalk subunit in black.
Allow clean air and deep breathing to provide oxgygenation to our cells
With well tuned body, sufficient sunlight, sleep, stretching and exercise
Consuming whole foods and away from negative energies from light, X-rays and other chemicals/toxins both in the environment and that which affects our behaviour and nervous system
Those who are slow metabolizer, gets stomach upset/allergies, pain, fast heartbeat,nausea,vomitting,inflammation and head ache, from consuming processed foods, medications, drugs, dirty water, dirty air and other stressors must avoid these stressors or inflammatory substances.
Boil ginger and garlic. Take zinc and Vit C supplement. Massage tummy with eucalyptus oil. Nausea means lack of Vitamin B, expecially B6. Chew fresh ginger, take fresh air and rest your stomach from processed foods. Place a warm bottle of water (wrap in cloth) on your tummy. My grandma would burn the rice and make a tea from it, the carbon in it will act as a filter. Do add lemon in your green tea. Make a fresh drink of aloe vera and apple. Rest.
Phagocytosis is an actin-polymerization-dependent process for the uptake of particles larger than 0.5 μm into cells. Macrophages are cells forming a part of the innate immune system, and phagocytosis is central to their immune function . Phagocytosis is an extraordinarily complex process involving both structural rearrangement (cytoskeletal and membrane) and a complex network of signaling events. Phagocytosis plays a critical role in the clearance of infectious agents or senescent cells and is central to regulating immune responses, inflammation, and tissue remodeling.
Phagocytosis also plays a role in clearing inorganic particulate material from body surfaces such as inhaled carbon or mineral particles. The biochemical mechanisms of phagocytosis have been extensively studied and described in the literature. The phagocytic process essentially involves three steps: recognition by receptors of either an opsonized or nonopsonized particle; receptor-mediated actin polymerization leading to internalization and cleavage of the phagosome from the cytoplasmic surface; and intracellular trafficking for phagosomal maturation. Maturation of the phagosome ultimately leads to the degradation of phagosomal contents and the induction of the appropriate immune responses.
The data shows an increase in the average engulfment time for increased target size, for spherical particles. The uptake time data on nonspherical particles confirms that target shape plays a more dominant role than target size for phagocytosis: Ellipsoids with an eccentricity of 0.954 and much smaller surface areas than spheres were taken up five times more slowly than spherical targets.
Hydrophobic targets are much more susceptible to phagocytosis than the hydrophilic targets (9,18,19). The presence of surface charge (i.e., targets with higher net ζ-potential) also leads to increased uptake: cationic and anionic particles with comparable absolute ζ-potential values have similar levels of ingestion by macrophages (9,14,18–21).
Nonpolar molecules that repel the water molecules are said to be hydrophobic; molecules forming ionic or a hydrogen bond with the water molecule are said to behydrophilic. This property of water was important for the evolution of life.
Water is repelled more by a surface when the hydrophobicity of the surface is increased. The contact angle of a water droplet is larger on a more hydrophobic surface.